STD'S

Madeline Finken and McKenna Lines

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Symptoms :

  • slight fever

  • headaches

  • fatigue

  • muscle aches

  • swollen glands in the throat, armpit, or groin

Treatment:

Yes, there is treatment and a cure called antiretroviral therapy (ART). Along with ART a combination of medications can be taken to help the spread of HIV.

Prevention/protection:

  • Limit the amount of sexual partners

  • Use a condom when engaging in sexual intercourse

Complications:

  • Weakens your immune system

  • You could get more infections

Chlamydia

Women symptoms:

  • abdominal pain

  • abnormal vaginal discharge

  • bleeding between menstrual periods

  • low-grade fever

  • painful intercourse

  • pain or a burning feeling while urinating

  • swelling inside the vagina or around the anus

  • the urge to urinate more than usual

  • vaginal bleeding after intercourse

  • a yellowish discharge from the cervix that may have a strong smell

Men symptoms:

  • pain or a burning feeling while urinating

  • pus or watery or milky discharge from the penis

  • swollen or tender testicles

  • swelling around the anus

Treatment:

Yes, you can take certain antibiotics to get rid of it. If you and your partner both have chlamydia then you both need to get better before you have sexual intercourse again.

Prevention/protection:

  • Obstain from vaginal and anal intercourse and oral sex

  • If you choose to have vaginal or anal intercourse, use female or latex condoms every time

Herpes

Signs:

  • swollen
  • tender glands in the pelvic area, throat, and under the arms
  • fever

  • chills

  • headache

  • general run-down feelings

  • achy, flu-like feelings

Symptoms:

  • blisters

  • burning feelings if urine flows over sores

  • inability to urinate if severe swelling of sores blocks the urethra

  • itching

  • open sores

  • pain in the infected area

Treatment:

Yes, you can take certain medications to help manage the infection and warm baths help the pain. Treatments are helpful in sores healing fasters and the prevention of them returning quickly. Treatments and medications are helpful but there is no cure.

Prevention/protection:

  • You can abstain from vaginal and anal intercourse
  • If you choose to have vaginal or anal intercourse, use female or latex condoms every time

Complications:

It can only cause complications if you have a baby and if the genital herpes contact the baby during labor it can cause a life-threatening infection to the baby.

Gonorrhea

Women’s symptoms:

  • abdominal pain
  • bleeding between menstrual periods

  • fever

  • menstrual irregularities

  • painful intercourse

  • painful urination

  • swelling or tenderness of the vulva

  • the urge to urinate more than usual

  • throwing up

  • yellowish or yellow-green vaginal discharge

Men’s symptoms:

  • pus-like discharge from the penis

  • pain or burning feeling while urinating

  • more frequent urination than usual

Treatment:

Yes, it is treatable with antibiotics and if you and your partner both have gonorrhea then you both need to get better before you have sexual intercourse again.

Prevention/protection:

  • Obstain from vaginal and anal intercourse and oral sex

  • If you choose to have vaginal or anal intercourse, use female or latex condoms every time

Syphilis

Symptoms:

  • muscle aches

  • fever

  • sore throat

  • swollen lymph nodes

Treatment:

You can be injected with a single dose of penicillin and usually that is enough to destroy the infection and if the single dose does not help the infection go away then you may have to get more than one dose.

Prevention/protection:

  • Obstain from vaginal and anal intercourse and oral sex

  • If you choose to have vaginal or anal intercourse, use female or latex condoms every time

Complications:

Depending on how long the pregnant women has had syphilis, she has a good chance of having a stillborn or giving birth to baby that dies soon after birth.


Trichomoniasis

Women’s symptoms:

  • frothy, often unpleasant-smelling discharge

  • blood spotting in the discharge

  • itching in and around the vagina

  • swelling in the groin

  • the urge to urinate frequently — often with pain and burning

Men’s symptoms:

  • discharge from the urethra

  • the urge to urinate frequently — often with pain and burning

Treatment:

Yes, you and your partner can be treated with prescription medications.

Prevention/protection:

  • Obstain from vaginal and anal intercourse and oral sex

  • If you choose to have vaginal or anal intercourse, use female or latex condoms every time

Pubic Lice (Crabs)

Symptoms:

  • intense itching in the genitals or anus

  • mild fever

  • feeling run-down irritability

  • the presence of lice or small egg sacs, which are called nits, in pubic hair

Treatment:

Yes, it is treatable with over the counter public lice medications. You will apply the medicine head to toe more than once. Stronger prescription medications are available if needed.

Prevention/ protection:

Pubic lice are easily spread, and there is no protection. Reducing the risk of getting pubic lice can be done by limiting the number of people you are intimate with.


Hepatitis B

Signs and symptoms:

  • Feeling really tired

  • pain in your belly

  • losing your appetite nausea and vomiting

  • pain in your joints

  • headache

  • fever

  • hives

  • dark-colored urine (pee) pale, clay-colored bowel movements (poop)

  • jaundice — when your eyes and skin get yellow

Treatable:

Yes it is recommended to avoid alcohol along with an antiviral drug.

Prevention:

There is a vaccine that you can get to be immune to hepatitis.

Complications:

It can lead to liver failure or scar your liver.


HPV (Human Papilloma virus)

Symptoms:

There aren't any HPV symptoms for high-risk types of HPV in women or men. Most people feel fine even when they have cell changes caused by HPV

Treatment:

Yes, there is treatment available for abnormal cells in the cervix. But there is no cure for HPV, most are harmless, will not need treatment, and will go away by itself.

Prevention/protection:

  • Get the HPV vaccine

  • Avoid skin to skin in sex play
  • Avoid sexual intercourse when do using protection

Mycoplasma Genitalium

Symptoms:

  • morbidity (an illness that causes poor health and disability)

  • pelvic inflammation

  • inflammation in the urethra and burning while urinating

Treatment:

There are 5 day antibiotics to take and if it is any shorter than this then the disease comes back stronger than before.

Prevention:

  • Use a condom, if having sexual intercourse