A Spontaneity of Color
What is it?
In 1874, a group of artists called the Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors, Printmakers, etc. organized an exhibition in Paris that launched the movement called Impressionism. Its founding members included Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Camille Pissarro, among others. The group was unified only by its independence from the official annual Salon, for which a jury of artists from the Académie des Beaux-Arts selected artworks and awarded medals. The independent artists, despite their diverse approaches to painting, appeared to contemporaries as a group.
Who are famous Impressionist Artists?
The central figures in the development of Impressionism in France, listed alphabetically, were:
- Frédéric Bazille (1841–1870)
- Gustave Caillebotte (who, younger than the others, joined forces with them in the mid-1870s) (1848–1894)
- Mary Cassatt (American-born, she lived in Paris and participated in four Impressionist exhibitions) (1844–1926)
- Paul Cézanne (although he later broke away from the Impressionists) (1839–1906)
- Edgar Degas (who despised the term Impressionist) (1834–1917)
- Armand Guillaumin (1841–1927)
- Édouard Manet (who did not participate in any of the Impressionist exhibitions) (1832–1883)
- Claude Monet (the most prolific of the Impressionists and the one who embodies their aesthetic most obviously) (1840–1926)
- Berthe Morisot (1841–1895)
- Camille Pissarro (1830–1903)
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841–1919)
- Alfred Sisley (1839–1899)
Impression:Sunrise- Claude Monet
The painting that the movement was named after.
Camille Pissarro, Boulevard Montmartre, 1897, the Hermitage, Saint Petersburg
A famous city scene
Berthe Morisot, The Cradle,
A female Impressionist.
What is Impressionism?