by: kryslyn & madison
- civil trials- trial by jury is guaranteed in any law suit which involves a claim of more than $20
In United States v. Wonson, the Supreme Court created the historical test for determining whether a law was eligible for trial by jury. The court reasoned here that if a case under English common law was eligible for trial by jury, then it was also eligible under the 7th amendment.
- prohibits cruel and unusual punishments, but also mentions “excessive fines” and bail.
- The 8th amendment was created to protect against unfair treatment of individuals accused or convicted of a crime.
This amendment means that nothing written in the Constitution can be used to cancel amendments to it.
The 9th amendment was created by James madison. He came up with the idea as a safeguard to abusive leaders in the future.
The 10th amendment was included in the Bill of Rights to further define the balance of power between the federal government and the states. The amendmen says that the federal government has only those powers specifically granted by the Constitution.
It's clear the 10th amendment was written to emphasize the limited nature of the powers delegated to the federal government.