Albert Einstein

By: Sara James

Birth/Death Date

Born: March 14, 1789

Died: April 18,1955

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Biography

Early Life

Born on March 14, 1879, in the southern German city of Ulm, Albert Einstein grew up in a middle-class Jewish family in Munich. As a child, Einstein became fascinated by music, mathematics and science. He dropped out of school in 1894 and moved to Switzerland, where he resumed his schooling and later gained admission to the Swiss Federal Polytechnic Institute in Zurich. In 1896, he renounced his German citizenship, and remained officially stateless before becoming a Swiss citizen in 1901.

Creative Phase

While working at the patent office, Einstein did some of the most creative work of his life, producing no fewer than four groundbreaking articles in 1905 alone. In the first paper, he applied the quantum theory to light in order to explain the phenomenon known as the photoelectric effect. Where a material will emit electrically charged particles when hit by light. The second article contained Einstein’s experimental proof of the existence of atoms, which he got by analyzing the phenomenon of Brownian motion where tiny particles were suspended in waterEinstein continued working at the patent office until 1909, when he finally found a full-time academic post at the University of Zurich. In 1913, he arrived at the University of Berlin, where he was made director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics

Later Life

In the late 1930s, Einstein’s theories, including his equation E=mc2, helped form the basis of the development of the atomic bomb. In 1939, at the urging of the Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard, Einstein wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt advising him to approve funding for the development of uranium before Germany could gain the upper hand.Throughout the last years of his life, Einstein continued his quest for a unified field theory. Though he published an article on the theory in Scientific American in 1950, it remained unfinished when he died five years later. In the decades following his death, Einstein’s reputation and stature in the world of physics only grew, as physicists began to unravel the mystery of the so-called “strong force” and space satellites further verified the principles of his cosmology.

Discoveries

  • Albert Einstein had many discoveries as a scientist, but is most known for his Theory f Relativity. This theory changed much in the way scientists look at the world and set the foundation for many modern inventions, including the nuclear bomb and nuclear energy. One equation from the theory is E=mc2
  • In 1905 Einstein came up with the concept that light is made up of particles called photons. Most scientists of his day didn't agree, but later experiments in 1919 showed this to be the case. This became an important discovery for many branches of science and he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1921.
  • Bose-Einstein Condensate - Together with another scientist, Satyendra Bose, Einstien discovered another state of matter. Sort of like liquid or gas or solid states. Today this discovery is used in cool stuff like lasers and superconductors.

Bibliography

  • "Albert Einstein." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 01 Apr. 2017.
  • Brown, Jason. "Albert Einstein." Ducksters Educational Site. N.p., Sept. 2013. Web. 01 Apr. 2017.
  • "Albert Einstein." Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, 25 Mar. 2017. Web. 01 Apr. 2017.