Harriet Tubman

By: Tatum Kells

Do You Know Harriet Tubman?

Did you know Harriet Tubman freed over three hundred slaves? Harriet played a very important role in the Civil War.There are many interesting parts of Harriet’s life. For example when, she almost died at age thirteen, and she became the most wanted American women in history! In this article you will learn about Harriet’s early life, her amazing escape, and the Underground Railroad!

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Early Life

On March 10, 1821 in Dorchester County, Maryville, Ben and Harriet Ross had a wonderful child named, Arminta Ross! The Ross family was a family of slaves. Arminta wasn't always Aminta she took her mother’s name Harriet when she was thirteen. When Harriet was still thirteen she visited a town. While she was there something terrible happened! A slave owner was trying to throw a two pound iron weight at his slave. But accidentally hit Harriet in the head. This caused her to almost die. She also had dizzy spells and blackouts for the rest of her life! Harriet married John Tubman in 1844. Sadly they got divorced.

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The Escape

Harriet decided she couldn’t stand the way she was being treated. So, she ran away heading North in 1849 because slaves were told they would never have contact with their families again. They were forced to live in poor conditions, and they had to work in the heat with no rest! Even with the scary thought of being captured, Harriet was brave and fought for freedom! When Harriet arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania she got a job and saved money. After being in Philadelphia for two years Harriet decided to head back to Maryland to free her mother and sister. When she freed them, she took them among the same path she had taken which is now known as the Underground Railroad!

Underground Railroad

Harriet became known as the “conductor” of the Underground Railroad. An interesting fact is that Harriet always traveled on Saturdays because the newspaper couldn’t print “runaway notices” until Monday! This gave Harriet two days for a safer journey. In 1856 there became a wanted sign dead or alive for Harriet. The reward was $40,000. By 1860 Harriet completed nineteen successful journeys thanks to the Underground Railroad! Harriet and her passengers were never captured. She freed over three hundred slaves! The Underground Railroad helped a lot of people get out of slavery!

To End…

In the Civil War Harriet was a cook, nurse and a spy for the Union Army. Always remember that Harriet helped make slavery end. Harriet died on March 10, 1913 in Auburn, New York. I hope we can all remember how brave Harriet Tubman is and the big risk she took for her country!

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Vocabulary Words

Slave: someone who works for another person

Railroad: a rail for a train to go on