The Ammendments

1st and 2nd

1st Amendment

Words from the Bill of Rights, 1st Amendment

"Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peacebly to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."

Freedom of Speech

Explanation

The freedom of speech gives you the right to say or express whatever you have to say according to what you believe in. Although, you always have to remember libel. Libel means that you are not aloud to verbally copy what another person said and make them believed as your own.

Historical Case

Schenck v. United States was a United States Supreme Court decision that upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 and concluded that a defendant did not have a First Amendment right to express freedom of speech against the draft during World War I. (1919)

Current Case

United States v. Alvarez is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that the Stolen Valor Act, 18 U.S.C. § 704, which criminalized false statements about having a military medal, is unconstitutional under the First Amendment's free speech protections. (2012)

Opinion w/ support

I think the first amendment is an important part to the first amendment because it gives you the right to express your thoughts and expressions. Unlike in some countries where people are not granted this right. Although the problem is that many people are mistaking the meaning of this part and plagiarizing people verbally.

People Expressing their feelings using Freedom of Speech.


Freedom of Religion

Explanation

The Freedom of Religion is a civil right giving people the right to exercise their own belief. Unlike in England when they were not aloud to practice their own religion and beliefs.

Historical Case

Reynolds v. United States was a Supreme Court of the United States case that held that religious duty was not a defense to a criminal indictment. Reynolds was the first Supreme Court opinion to address the Impartial Jury and the Confrontation Clauses of the Sixth Amendment. (1878)

Current Use

Gonzales v. O Centro Espirita Beneficente Uniao do Vegetal is a case decided by the United States Supreme Court involving the Federal Government's seizure of a sacramental tea, containing a Schedule I substance, from a New Mexican branch of the Brazilian church União do Vegetal (UDV). The church sued, claiming the seizure was illegal, and sought to ensure future importation of the tea for religious use. (2006)

Opinion w/ support

I think that the freedom of religion grants the right to believe in your own religion. This will attract much more people from around the world letting them now that this country is diverse and full of culture.

What would we be fighting for without fighting for our beliefs and religions?


Freedom of Religion

Freedom of Press

Explanation

Freedom of Press is the freedom to express communications and expressions through different uses of media and published work. Although, It is different to slander someone which is to plagiarize.

Historical Case

Lovell v. City of Griffin is a United States Supreme Court case. This case was remarkable in its discussion of the requirement of persons to seek government sanction to distribute religious material. In this particular case, the Supreme Court ruled it was not constitutional for a city to require such sanction. (1938)

Current Cases

Milkovich v. Lorain Journal Co. was a United States Supreme Court case that rejected the argument that a separate opinion privilege existed against libel. (1990)

Opinion

My opinion on the freedom of press is that it is one of the most important parts of the first amendment. I say this because if we did not have this right, there would be no books, newspapers, or magazines. We would not be able to get educated, informed, or entertained.

What the Freedom of Press causes in reality with the Radios, Newspapers, Internet, and Tv to the Stars and Events.


All the religions coming together.


Freedom to Assemble

Explanation

The right to assemble gives you the right to protest and assemble together to stand up for what you believe in.

Historical

American feminists had been seeking the right to vote for more than 50 years. The suffrage movement was fanned even hotter in 1869, when African American males were given the right to vote through the Sixteenth Amendment, while women of all races were still excluded. The Women of America assembled together as one to protest that women should vote just like every other man.

Current Use

The horrific gang rape of a young woman in Delhi, India last month led to widespread public outrage in India. Protesters took to the streets and demanded India’s government take a harder look at the country’s rape laws.

Opinion w/support

I think giving Americans the right to assemble is a crucial part of the first amendment because we would not have developed in this society if it were not included. If this was not included in the first amendment women would not have gained there rights through being able to vote and we would have stayed sexist loose millions of progress done by very important women all over the world.

People assembling to stand up for what they want to express.


Women assembling to stand up for their rights.

Right to Petition

Explanation

The definition of the right to petition is the right to make a complaint to, or seek the assistance of, one's government, without fear of punishment. This definition implies that as an American you can complain to the government. Possibly without a punishment.

Historical Case

Some parts of the first amendment can overlap each other. There would be no such thing as the right to petition if we didn’t have the right to assemble. Therefore I use the same event being that it is also the right to petition. American feminists had been seeking the right to vote for more than 50 years. The suffrage movement was fanned even hotter in 1869, when African American males were given the right to vote through the Sixteenth Amendment, while women of all races were still excluded. The Women of America assembled together as one to protest that women should vote just like every other man.

Current Use

The use of being able to assemble also comes into hand with this situation. The horrific gang rape of a young woman in Delhi, India last month led to widespread public outrage in India. Protesters took to the streets and demanded India’s government take a harder look at the country’s rape laws.

Opinion w/support

I think this amendment lets people speak out and protest to the government and the people. I say this because without this the right to assemble wouldn’t come in as much situations giving you the rights that you deserve.

These women are petitioning a right to the government for Women's Rights.
People assembling together to protest in London.


2nd Amendment

Words from the Bill of Rights, 2nd Amendment

“A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

The Right to Bear and Keep Arms

Explanation

The second amendment states that you have the right to keep and bear arms. This means that you are permitted to own a gun. Although, there comes some restrictions and rules to this amendment. You are not aloud to own an illegal gun or have any criminal record to be ineligible to buy one. You also have to have a professional gun license or else not permitted. Last of all, it is a six-month process that will ensure that guns are not being given to the wrong hands.

Historical Case

The second amendment was created because it was the people’s individual rights to be armed, will be respected and that the resulting armed populace will be secure against tyranny, invasion, and crime.

Current Use

Hale White currently quoted, “How can the Second Amendment be blamed for violence when we don’t even honor it as it is? There was no Second Amendment in Sandy Hook. It was a Second Amendment-free, mass-murder-friendly zone. We’ve already let our government critically wound the Second Amendment. If we allow this, we lose the country and everything it once represented.” What her main point was that the second amendment could not have been the cause for this incident. She says that the government has completely reimagined the image of America and modified and added way too much exceptions and rules for bearing a gun.

Opinion w/support

My opinion goes back to the quote of Hale White. I think that the original image of America was that every man should be able to have a gun to gain respect, hunt, and protect himself. Although, they wrote this at a time where a pistol was possibly the most dangerous weapon. Even though the government has restricted some of the most dangerous weapons there are still so much deadly firearms that can equally do as much damage. I disagree with Hale White about Sandy Hook. Even though it was a mass-murder-friendly zone, he had gained that weapon one way or another. I think because our development with firearms has developed so much that the selling should stop. Take an example from Sandy Hook. The guy was never known to have a criminal record or even be a lunatic. He just took a crazy turn that is still being investigated as to why.

Charlton Heston - Right to Bear Arms
Ignorant Man coming in the door saying that he is aloud to have a gun with him because its the Second Amendment in the Constitution.

BenBadnani

Benyani