Settling The West Project
By: Ashley Tounget and Audrey Fernandez
2.Where did the Chisholm Trial start and where did it end?
Cowboys and Ranchers
Mining was not the only thing to be found in the West. Millions could be made in the cattle industry . A calf bought for $5 in Southern Texas might sell for $60 in Chicago.
In 1867, Joseph Mccoy traced a path known as the Chisholm Trail from Texas to Abilene, Kansas. The Texas cowboys drove the cattle the entire distance — 1500 miles. Along the way, the cattle enjoyed all the grass they wanted, at no cost to the Ranchers. At Abilene and other railhead towns such as Dodge City and Ellsworth, the cattle would be sold and the cowboys would return to Texas. The ranchers took car of the cattle and sold then and traded. The life of a rancher was Taking car of cattle and horses, also any other animals that were on the ranch. Ranchers had to brand cattle move then from place to place the life of a rancher was not as easy as it sounds. No vision of the American West is complete without the cowboy. The imagery is quintessentially American, but many myths cloud the truth about what life was like on the long drive.
Texans searched for a route with better grass and fewer Indians, farmers, and desperadoes. When railroads inched across the plains, new trails, among them the Chisholm, Western, and Loving, veered westward to intercept them. Cattle towns such as Abilene, Wichita, Ellsworth, Caldwell, and Dodge City enjoyed a brief heyday of prosperity and violence. Later trials headed on north to Ogallala, Cheyenne, Glendive, and Miles City. By 1886 the open-range cattle business had spread throughout the Great Plains and had merged with earlier cattle enterprises in Colorado, Idaho, Washington, Utah, Arizona, and California. the great plains were used when the cattle could roam free until other cowboys and ranchers started putting up Barbed wire
Major route for cattle ranchers to drive their cattle from Texas to Kansas railroads. The trail began in San Antonio and ended in Abilene, Kansas. The trail was named for Jesse Chisholm, a Native American trader who traveled the route in a wagon in the mid-19th century. At its height, the Chisholm Trail carried 600,000 cattle in the year of 1871.
"The Origins of the Cowboy Culture of Western America." The Origins of the Cowboy Culture of Western America. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.
"The Ways of the Cowboy." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association. Web. 9 Oct. 2015.