Art History Smore

By Sophia Perry

Music

One main composer of this time period was Johann Sebastian Bach. He was born in Eisenach, Germany on March 21, 1685. Some of his most famous works are the Cantatas, and the five Passion settings, but on the St. John and St. Matthew Passion survive now. Also some of his most important works are the Easter and Christmas Oratorios, the Motets, and the Mass in B-minor. Another composer from this time period was George Frederick Handel. He was born in Halle, Germany of February 23, 1685. Some of his most famous works are Esther, Deborah, Athalia, Saul, and Israel in Egypt. He then started to focus more on the English oratorio and created the Messiah, which became the "influential and widely performed oratorio of all time." The last main composer of this time was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, who was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756. His most famous pieces were the Figaro, Don Giovanni, Cosi Fan Tutte, Da Ponte, and The Magic Flute.

Art

Art in the 1700's went from the Baroque Style and then into the Rococo Style. The Baroque art period is when the first attempts at opera were made. Music during the Baroque period was created because people were distorted by an abundance of unnatural ornamentation. Some of the most famous works from the Baroque period are the Cantata, Oratorio, Sonata, Las Meninas, and the Motet. After the Baroque period, art moved on to the Rococo period, which was mostly decorative art. Some of the most famous things that came out of the Rococo period were the Versailles Palace, lots of magnificent churches and palaces, and the Triumph of Venus.

Peasant Life

The peasants in the 18th century were more free than they were in the years before, but still did not have as many rights as noblemen and landowners. They would work for landowners, but they were not tied down to the land that they worked on. They would live in small houses, and would grow wheat, rye, barley, peas, beans, grains, olives, and grapes. They would eat mostly bread, beans, peas, and vegetables. They barely are meat or dairy.

Industrial Art

Realism

Realism is art that shows the real life world and everything exactly how it is. This painting is part of the Realism movement because it shows the hard lives of slaves and how they had to work very hard to make a living and to survive.

Romanticism

Romanticism is a style of art that is made with bright colors and shows dramatic action or violent energy. This picture is considered to be part of the romanticism period because it shows the violent action of the waves and emphasizes the crashing of them against the rocks.

Impressionism

Impressionism is art that portrays a scene, but that allows viewers to realize that there were brush strokes made. This picture shows impressionism because you can see some of the individual strokes, and the viewer has to blend the colors together on their own without the artist doing it.

Photography

Photography is the practice of taking pictures. Usually, photographers took pictures of harsh conditions in industrial factories or slums. This picture is part of the photography movement because it was taken with a camera and shows a harsh condition in a factory.

Post-Impressionism

Post-Impressionism is when later painters used small dots of color to define the shapes of objects. This picture is from the post-impressionism movement because it is made up of lots of small dots that create a larger picture.

Art Styles of the 1900's

Cubism

Cubism is a style of art that breaks three-dimensional objects into fragments and composes them into complex patterns of angles and planes. By redefining objects into separate shapes, it offers a new view of reality. It was created by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso and his friend Georges Braque.

Abstract

Abstract is a style of art that is composed of lines, colors, and shapes with no recognizable subject matter at all. It was created by the Russian Vasily Kandinsky and the German Paul Klee because they wanted to move art even further away from representing reality.

Dada

Dada is an art style that is a revolt against civilization. Dada burst out onto the Paris art world during and after the war. Paintings by artists like Hans Arp and Max Ernst were made to shock and disturb middle-class viewers.

Surrealism

Surrealism is an art movement that was inspired by cubism and dada, and was made to portray the workings of the unconscious mind. The Spanish surrealist Salvador Dali used images of melting objects to suggest the chaotic dream state described by Freud.

Architecture

Architecture is an art style that rejected classical traditions and developed new styles to march an industrial, urbanized world. Some of the most famous architecture is that Bauhaus school in Germany or building made by the famous american architect, Frank Lloyd Wright.

Music

Jazz music was very popular in the 1900's. It was played on lots of radio stations. Jazz music was pioneered by African American musicians that combined western harmonies with African rhythms. One famous jazz musicians was trumpeter Louis Armstrong. The 1920's were eventually called the Jazz Age.

Citations

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Landon, H. C. Robbins. "Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.


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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Armstrong