THE SCOOP OF THE AGE OF EXPLORATION
New territory discovered!
TECHNOLOGY: The Telescope
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INTERNATIONAL NEWS: The Line of Demarcation
The Line of Demarcation is a treaty made between Spain and Portugal. This treaties main purpose is divide what portion of the seas belong to Portugal and Spain. This treaty now divides the freedom of the seas. In the year 1493 these two countries had looked to the Pope to help them divide up the land and territory. The Pope had drew a line through the new world cutting it in half. Any territory on the east side of the line belonged to Portugal as any territory on the west side of the line belonged to Spain. One year after this occurred, Spain and Portugal signed a treaty moving the line further to the west, this treaty is known as the Treaty of Tordesillas. This line basically divided the new world into to powers. The new location of the line split the land between the Cape Verde Islands and the islands discovered by Christopher Columbus. Portugal and Spain believed that this treaty was necessary. The treaty was designed to resolve the disputes that occurred after Christopher Columbus returned back home after his knowledge. There were many things involved with this treaty though, and Christian lands had to be untouched. Due to this and many other factors Portugal could not claim newly discovered lands even if the were on the east side of the line. Due to things such as The Extension of The Apostolic Grant Spain now gained all the mainlands and islands, at the time belonging to what is India, even if the were on the east side. This frustrated the king of Portugal and he claimed that he now had far too little land. The king of Portugal's main goal was to be possessing land that belonged to India. Thankfully, the King of Portugal was able to have the most recent treaty bringing this frustration canceled and he had the line moved west.
BUSINESS: Slave Trade
At the time new ideas were challenging society. People new that reform was needed if they were to ever achieve a just society. During the Middle Ages people believed in a strict class system and believed that your suffering on Earth would pay off and you would be rewarded by going to heaven. In this new age of reason though, people saw these ideas and viewpoints as irrational and not reasonable. Due to this new reform that was occurring, the class with people who were poor were significantly split from the other social classes. Due to this and economical changes, the peasant life would change drastically. At this time slavery quickly grew. People such as the Europeans and even the Africans participated in slavery. It quickly grew in being a huge source of money for people as well as a sign of wealth and showed your high status in society. Many people began to find a use for slaves and they found Africa to be an easy place to get them mainly because Africans enslaved other Africans. It was not the most difficult job to acquire a slave from Africa. They were then sent out to other places, often going through the Middle Passage, doing work for there owners.
Interview With an African Native
C: Hi Xola, how are you doing today? Your village is lovely.
X: I am O.k., and yes our village is nice, but not compared to your European cities. You probably think this is awful
C: Yes, actually, to be honest, but that is not why I came to talk. I wanted to ask you about the raids.
X: Oh yes, those. The one that swept through this village took 30 people to be shipped to Europe as slaves
C: That is awful, how did they take that many?
X: They came in large numbers, and we couldn't suppress them. They began taking men and women and tying them up. It was so sad. They took my brother, Kashka, but I didn't see this, because I ran. Only the people that stayed to fight were taken. Some of the men got off their horses to grab the women. I can't believe this happened to us.
C: I am so sorry. How is your family doing?
X: We are grieving his being taken, but so are the other families that lost loved ones. We just hope it doesn't happen again.
C: That must be awful. You obviously need your time to grieve. Those were all the questions I had, thank you for your time. I will pray to God that your village won't be raided, and your loved ones won't be taken.
X: Thank you sir. Have a good day.
Crossword Puzzle Answers
“Cheeseburgers in the Sky - Cartographer.” 2012.
“Moluccas International Campaign for Human Rights - THESE ARE THE MOLUCCAN ISLANDS: FACTS & OPINIONS.” Moluccas International Campaign for Human Rights, May 2013.
Yandian, Robb. exploration. n.d. Citations, Quotes & Annotations
"Before Slavery – African Kings: Affonso I King of the Kongo – Our..." Our Afrikan Heritage Magazine. 5 Aug. 2015. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
"Ferdinand Magellan." History.com. A&E Television Networks. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
"Maluku Islands." - Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.
"Christopher Columbus." Christopher Columbus. Web. 21 Dec. 2015