By: Dante Almeida
- To imprison enemies of the Nazi Regime.
- To have a forced working force to construct the Regime's projects.
- To kill those who were deemed a threat to the Aryan race.
Prisoners got little food and water, just enough to keep them alive. Their meals consisted of a soupy substance, made of old vegetables and meat. They drank a sour beverage somewhat like coffee. Prisoners had to sleep in barracks, up to 500 in each one, packed in like animals. Forced to work every day, many were beat when unsatisfactory work is being done, or just whenever an officer felt like it. Prisoners were taken to Barrack 10 to be experimented on, some forced into sterilization and castration. Besides the fear of never having a child again, prisoners feared for their life, since at any time they could be taken to the crematoriums or be lined up and be executed.
Some important figures at Auschwitz I included:
- SS physician Dr. Josef Mengele who performed experiments on prisoners.
- Adolf Hitler who created the final solution.
- Rudolf Hoss was camp commandant.
The life of a prisoner in Auschwitz II was brutal. Woken up before dawn, a four hour roll call took place. Many died as this occurred. After that, breakfast was issued, the same meal as mentioned before, just enough to keep the prisoners laboring 11 to 12 hours per day, and also little enough for malnutrition. After breakfast, a second roll call was issued. 10 second bathroom breaks were allowed. When prisoners went back to bed, they slept on their wooden beds with one thin bed sheet. The prisoners shared their beds with insects and bed bugs. Life was harsh and cruel.
Important figures from Auschwitz II:
- Heinrich Himmler ordered construction of the camp.
- Rudolph Hoss was camp commander.
- Karl Bischoff was the head of Auschwitz II.
- Arthur Liebehenschel was the next commander of Auschwitz.
- Dr. Josef Mengele experimented on the prisoners.
- Maximilian Grabner was the Gestapo commander.