Just how "Rad" is it?
How Detrimental is Radiation to Our Health? In what ways does Radiation Affect us?
Terms to Know
Rem: (not just a band): a unit of radiation dosage as it affects humans
Chernobyl: A nuclear meltdown in Russia (Ukraine now) that leaked mass doses of radiation to the nearby population
Radiation at Different Levels
How is Radiation Measured?
-Typically measured in "rem" or "sievert"
Effects of Radiation at Different Rem
- 0-5: safe; no observable impacts
- 5-10: no observable impacts
- 10-50: slightly increased cancer risk, blood cell decreases (with quick exposure), if locally exposed in the face, eye cataracts
- 100-200: nausea, fatigue, significantly higher cancer risk, skin reddening like a sunburn
- 200-300: nausea, vomiting within 24-48 hours, seek medical attention
- 300-500: diarrhea within hours, hair loss, appetite loss within the week, medical attention required for survival, 1/2 exposed die without prompt medical attention
- 500-1,200: death within days, breakdown of intestinal lining, internal bleeding
- >10,000: death within hours
We are Constantly Exposed to Radiation
Why Aren't we all getting Sick?
The Other 4%
Other Cases of Radiation from Non-medical sources
Saturday, April 26th 1986 at 1:15am
It's Not all Bad
- used to fight cancer
- usually has "tolerable" effects
- adverse effects are typically limited to site of treatment
- highly effective and targeted
-<18: 58-fold increase ->64: 2.6-fold increase
ARS- high dose penetrating internal organs
nausea, vomiting, headache, diarrhea
start within minutes
after symptoms alleived, person gets worse again
loss of appetite, bone marrow issues,fatigue, fever, skin damage: swelling itchiness, redness
treatment: reduce and treat infection, maintaining hydration, treat burns and injuries, bone marrow treatments
bone marrow destruction= CoD for most ARS patients
CRI-certain types of radiation
itchiness, tingling, erythema (skin redness) swelling (edema), other symptoms depending on the case
seek medical attention- while waiting, gently rinse with water- keep clean, dry, covered until proper treatment
What NY Times Says to Do
Nearby: Albany Med, St. Rose, Samaritan
For more information:
CDC public response hotline at 800-CDC-INFO or 888-232-6348 (TTY).
It targets cells and targeted tissue, and can lead to cancer, ARS, CRI, and more
However, it can be useful in medical procedures and cancer treatment
Health Block 3