By: Abi Johnston
~Plasma Membrane- Keeps cell contents in and foreign material out and provides avenues for the transportation of fuel, fluid, and waste.
~Nucleus- Expressing genes that lead to proteins that are enzymes, that drive chemical reactions to maintain homeostasis.
*Diffusion is the movement of particles from a high concentration to a low concentration
*Osmosis is a process in which molecules pass through a semipermeable membrane from a low to high concentration.
~Chloroplast- Through the process of photosynthesis, they convert the sun's energy into glucose
~Plasma Membrane- Used to produce ATP in Prokaryotes
~Golgi Apparatus- Processes proteins made by the endoplasmic reticulum before sending them out to the cell
~Endoplasmic Reticulum- Synthesizes the cell membranes, transporting proteins across the cell
~Vesicles- Pinch off of one set of membranes and travel along microtubule tracks to the next set of membranes, where they fuse with these structures.
~Cytoplasm- Works to transport materials from one part of the cell to the other
*Passive transport is the movement of biochemicals across the cell membrane, does not require energy.
*Endocytosis is the taking in of matter by a living cell
*Exocytosis is a process of releasing material from the cell vacuole
*Phagocytosis is the ingestion of bacteria by phagocytes
~Chloroplasts- Synthesis of fatty acids, amino acids and the immune response in plants
~Mitochondria- Responsible for ATP synthesis