Age of Exploration

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The Line of Demarcation split the non-European world in half. Spain's side of the line included most of the Americas. Portugal's half included Africa and part of South America. This affected trade and the size of the countries themselves. Both Portugal and Spain claimed many new places and established trade posts as well. Trade flourished. In the end, Spain gained more land because the creator of this "line" (Pope Alexander IV) was biased towards the Spanish.

Travel

The Portuguese, under Afonso de Albuquerque's command, traveled into the Indian Ocean. Their goal was to attack to Mughal empire. They joined the side of the princes, hoping to help them end the Muslim power and turn the Indian Ocean into a "Portuguese lake." The Porteguese went on to gain control of the Island of Goa, and the port of Malacca, massacring the Muslims in the city. After 50 years, the Portuguese now have built a trading empire, and they have military and merchant outposts in India. They have seized some of the east coastline of Africa, and use these to rebuild and repair their ships. Portugal now controls the spice trade between Europe and Asia.

Obituaries

Interview

We recently were lucky enough to interview a native of the African colonies about his thoughts on the events that have taken place recently.

Interviewer: Hello!

Native: Hello


Interviewer: Now, I want to start off by asking you your opinion on the prisoners being taken as slaves from Africa.

Native: I agree with Afonso I that the slavery is awful and that we need to stop this before it gets out of hand.


Interviewer: Oh, that's nice. Now I was wondering how you felt about Portuguese and other European countries setting up outposts on the coat line of Africa.

Native: Although that does not bother me as much as the kidnapping of the african people for slavery, I am not happy that they fell that they are obliged to take our land; Europe has so much power I am worried about what else they will do with it.


Interviewer: Ah yes, now as you know Mr. Christopher Columbus recently discovered new land to the east, what do you think about that?

Native: I find it interesting how there is other large landmasses out there, but it doesn't effect my life much.


Interviewer: Ok thank you for your time I will let you get back to your work now.

Native: Your Welcome.

Technology


Caravel


The Caravel is a new ship created to be faster and more maneuverable than the older ships because it can harness the wind better due to its many sails.


Cannon


The cannon is basically a large gun that is able to punch through a ships hull.


Astrolabe


The Astrolabe is an angle and altitude measuring tool. The Astrolabe was first used for astronomy and astrology.


Galleon


The galleon is basically a multi-purpose ship. During times of peace, the ship can be used for fishing and trading. During times of war, it can be used as a warship.

Business

Europeans began to view slaves as the most important item of African trade. Africans worked on farming estates, others were artisans, merchants, and soldiers. Very few African slaves became prominent. The Portuguese had the highest amount of slaves than any other European country at the time. Most Europeans slaves worked as household servant and on plantations. Some Europeans sent slaves to the Americas. Thousands of slaves were sent to Europe and the Americas each year. Europeans seldom raided and captured Africans for slaves. They relied on Africans to capture other Africans and trade them for goods. African slave trade became a profitable business. They were exchanged with Europeans for textiles, weapons, and other products.


African slaves, along with other goods were traded between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. This was known as the triangular trade. African slaves were sent to the Americas from Africa, through a path called the Middle Passage. Americans traded molasses, sugar, and other crops for African slaves. These things were then sent to Europe, and the process would start all over again. African slaves were also shipped to Europe, where they were they were sold to European communities that needed them. Merchants and traders grew wealthy and New England shipping industries also grew. African civilization was torn apart. In the 1500s, about 2,000 Africans were sent to the Americas. In the 1700s, about 80,000 were sent were sent to the Americas; And by the mid 1800s, about 11 million slaves were sent to the Americas. However, about 2 million died on the boat rides that went to the Americas and Europe.