Sully Shackleford

18th Century Composers

Johann Sebastian Bach:

  • Born on March 21, 1685, in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany
  • One of his most famous works is "Gottes Zeit ist die allerbeste Zeit," also known as "Actus Tragicus."

George Frederick Handel:

  • Born February 23, 1685, in Halle, Germany
  • skilled organist, he wrote the opera, Almira
  • also wrote Rodrigo and Agrippina

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart:

  • Born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria
  • Wrote the opera Mitridate, Ascanio in Alba, and Lucia Silla

Art of the 18th Century

  • Naturalism and classicism
  • more action in the pictures
  • reflected the religious tensions of the time
  • public art, paintings, sculptures and architecture


  • Rococo style represented a reaction of the design of Louis XIV's Palace of Versailles
  • has a lot to do with interior design
  • shell-covered rock work

Peasants in the 1700's

  • majority of Europe are peasants
  • rural areas- Farms
  • peasants were free after the enlightenment
  • they were governed by season cycle
  • bread, beans, meat, peas

Works Consulted

Editors, Biography. "Johann Sebastian Bach." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

"Baroque Period | Art." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

The Baroque Art. Digital image. The Baroque Art. N.p., 2016. Web. 18 Feb. 2016.

"Art." Pinterest. Pinterest, 2016. Web. 18 Feb. 2016.

"Rococo." Google. Google, 2016. Web. 18 Feb. 2016.

"Realism." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

1800's Art Styles

  • depicts nature and contemporary life
  • rejects imaginative ideals but focuses more on the close observation of outer appearances
  • deepened appreciation of the beauty of nature
  • exaltation of emotion over reason
  • also senses over intellect
  • "...a turning in upon the self and a heightened examination of human personality and its moods and mental potentialities; a preoccupation with the genius, the hero, and the exceptional figure in general, and a focus on his passions and inner struggles..."


  • art that is painted objects as if the painter had just caught a glimpse of something
  • Its founding members included Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, and Camille Pissarro
  • radical techniques, vibrant colors, sometimes blurry on purpose



  • Coined by the English art critic Roger Fry
  • Paul Cézanne, Georges Seurat, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and others were painting in this category