13 colonies

Rosalee Kaitee Momo Gianna Kaitlyn

The Southern Colonies


1) List each colony in your region, year founded, and the founder below.

Name of Colony

Year Founded

Founder

1.Maryland

1634

Lord Baltimore

2. Virginia

1607

John Smith

3.Georgia

1732

James Oglethorpe

4.North Carolina

1653

Virginia colonists

5.South Carolina

1663

English colonists

2) Give a brief description of why these colonies were founded.

Maryland- desire to profit and create a refuge for Roman Catholics

Virginia- desire to gain wealth

Georgia- Oglethorpe was given a charter from the king to create a new colony

North Carolina- Virginians settled here to create more space for new colonists to arrive

South Carolina- The king wanted to settle the area because of internal problems

3) List three geographical characteristics of each colony.

Maryland

Virginia

Georgia

North Carolina

South Carolina

1.bordered by Pennsylvania

1.borders west Virginia, north Carolina, Kentucky, Tennessee

1.good farm land

1.500 miles long and 150 miles wide

1.260 miles long and 200 miles wide

2. covers 12,407

2. 39,598 square miles are land

2. 300 miles long and 230 miles wide

2.bordered by Virginia, south Carolina, Atlantic ocean, Tennessee

2.boredered by North Carolina, Georgia, Atlantic ocean

3. 9,775 square

3.340 miles long and 200 miles wide

3. 57,919 square miles are land

3.48,708 square miles are land area

3.32,111 square miles are land areas

4) What role did religion play in the development of your region?

· Mainly out to make money

· They brought their families, just like the New England Colonists.

· They kept their families together on plantations

· Main motivation: make good money that was available in the new market in America

5) Describe their economic conditions of the region.

South Carolina- honey is produced

North Carolina- Tabaco product

Virginia- leading mined product is coal

Georgia-leads country in production of peanuts and pecans

Maryland- most crop income is from greenhouses

6) Other important facts/information

They all have great farm land which helped in production of tabaco

Religon

What role did religion play in the development of your region?

· What they learned in church, depended on where they lived

· Meetinghouses became a very big part because the church services lasted most of the day. Had benches for people to sit during the services

· Middle/ Southern colonies: went to familiar looking churches.

Depending on where they lived, depends on what they believe in:

· New England colonists were largely Puritans, who led very strict lives.

· The Middle colonists were a mixture of religions, including Quakers (led by William Penn), Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, and others.

· The Southern colonists had a mixture of religions as well, including Baptists and Anglicans.

Middle colonies:

· Wanted to practice their own religion or to make money

· Most pilgrims didn’t bring their families with them from England because they were perfect workers for the hard work required in ironworks and shipyards

Southern Colonies:

· Mainly out to make money

· They brought their families, just like the New England Colonists.

· They kept their families together on plantations

· Main motivation: make good money that was available in the new market in America

middle

· 1) List each colony in your region, year founded, and the founder below.

Name of Colony

Year Founded

Founder

1. Delaware

1683

Peter Minuit

2. Pennsylvania

1682

William Penn

3. New York

1626

Peter Minuit

4. New Jersey

1664

English Colonists

· 2) Give a brief description of why these colonies were founded.

The main reason these colonies were founded was because of Manufacturing, and agriculture

· 3) List three geographical characteristics of each colony.

Delaware

Pennsylvania

New York

New Jersey

1.

Rich fertile soil

Dense forests

Swampy near the coast

Rich, virgin soil

2.

Long growing seasons

Streams and rivers

Mountains/ forests

Rocky land

3.

Lots of rivers and valleys

Mountains

Rocky land

Rivers

· 4) What role did religion play in the development of your region?

· What they learned in church, depended on where they lived

· Meetinghouses became a very big part because the church services lasted most of the day. Had benches for people to sit during the services

· Middle/ Southern colonies: went to familiar looking churches.

Depending on where they lived, depends on what they believe in:

· New England colonists were largely Puritans, who led very strict lives.

· The Middle colonists were a mixture of religions, including Quakers (led by William Penn), Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, and others.

· The Southern colonists had a mixture of religions as well, including Baptists and Anglicans.

· 5) Describe their economic conditions of the region.

- They had a lot of Quakers and didn’t believe in fighting

- Economic activities: gaming, fishing, hunting etc

- Live stock

- Grain farming

· 6) Other important facts/information

- Known as the “breadbasket”

- They grew a lot of corn, rye, wheat etc.

Time line


1600-1625:

Take a year by year look at what was happening in North American 150 years before the revolution. After helping establish the first English settlement on the Island of Roanoke, off the coast of modern day North Carolina, John White returned to England for supplies.

1626-1650:

Take a year-by-year look at what was happening in North America 100 years before the revolution. Natives American was the hallmark of the 17th century’s. Virginia is founded under a patent for the London Company and becomes the first British colony in North America. Puritan minister Thomas Hooker and Governor John Haynes of the Massachusetts Bay Colony establish River Colony, later called Connecticut

1651-1675:

Natives American was the hallmark in the 17th century. What happens was North American at least 100 years before the revolution. James, the Duke of York, gives land from New Netherland to his friends Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret

1675-1700:

Acting on a land grant that is owed to his deceased father, William Penn creates a colony to serve as a refuge for Quakers under persecution in England

In March, the Indians attack Plymouth, Massachusetts and Providence, Rhode Island. In June, the colonists with the Mohegan Indians defeat King Philip's men at Hadley. King Philip's War ends on August 22 when the Indians surrender.

War of 1812:

Termed the Second American Revolution' by some, the War of 1812 saw the British force President James Madison out of the White House.

identification

Identification of the 13 colonies

· Virginia

· Massachusetts

· New Hampshire

· Maryland

· Connecticut

· Rhode Island

· Delaware

· North Carolina

· South Carolina

· New Jersey

· New York

· Georgia

· Pennsylvania

Descriptions of why the founding of the colonies

· Virginia- was originally founded from a desire to gain wealth and to a lesser extent to convert the natives to Christianity.

· Massachusetts- The Puritans wanted to create a colony where they would be free to practice their religion.

· New Hampshire- New Hampshire was a planned colony.

· Maryland- was motivated both by the desire for profit and the desire to create a refuge for Roman Catholics who were still being persecuted in Protestant England.

· Connecticut- Individuals from the Massachusetts colony moved to what would become Connecticut because they were looking for more freedom and financial opportunities.

· Rhode Island- Roger Williams was banished to England by the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his beliefs in separation of church and state and freedom of religion. He fled and lived with the Narragansett Indians and formed Providence in 1636.

· Delaware- Peter Minuit was Dutch and formed New Sweden as part of New Netherland. When Charles II, King of England gave his brother James, the Duke of York, New Netherland, James demanded and received its surrender. He renamed New Sweden to Delaware.

· North Carolina- In 1653, some Virginians settled in what would become North Carolina. In 1663, King Charles II issued a royal charter to eight nobles to settle the area south of Virginia. They created Carolina and included the previous settlement. However, because of internal problems, the crown took over the colony and formed North and South Carolina out of it in 1729.

· South Carolina- In 1663, King Charles II issued a royal charter to eight nobles to settle the area south of Virginia. They created Carolina and included the previous settlement. However, because of internal problems, the crown took over the colony and formed North Carolina and South Carolina out of it in 1729.

· New Jersey- In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. He granted land to two of his friends, Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret, that would become New Jersey. The two advertised and promised settlers many benefits for colonizing including representative government and freedom of religion. The colony quickly grew.

· New York- In 1664, James, the Duke of York, received control of New Netherland. The name of the colony was changed to New York in honor of the Duke.

· Georgia- In 1732, James Oglethorpe was given a charter from King George II to create a new colony which he would name Georgia. This was located between South Carolina and Florida. It had two main purposes: to serve as a place where debtors in prison could go to start anew and it served as a barrier against Spanish expansion from Florida.

· Pennsylvania- Pennsylvania with a land grant that was owed his deceased Father. His goal was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion due to his desire to protect himself and fellow Quakers from persecution.

geographical

Southern Colonies

Middle Colonies

New England Colonies

· The Southern colonies include Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia.

· The Middle colonies included New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware.

· The New England colonies included New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island.

· The land in the Southern Colonies was rich for farming and the seasons were long because of the climate.

· The land in the Middle colonies was rich and fertile for farming.

· The land in the New England was rocky so there for it is hard to farm.

· Southern Colonies had a wide coastal plain leading to hills and mountains. The mountains were in the western part of the southern colonies.

· Middle Colonies had provided deep and safe harbors for ships. Also had a coastal plain with gentle hills and mountains far from the shore.

· New England colonies had along a coast line the land was flat, continuing inland in these colonies, hills and then came upon mountains.

new england colonies

What role did religion play in the development of your region?

· What they learned in church, depended on where they lived

· Meetinghouses became a very big part because the church services lasted most of the day. Had benches for people to sit during the services

· Middle/ Southern colonies: went to familiar looking churches.

Depending on where they lived, depends on what they believe in:

· New England colonists were largely Puritans, who led very strict lives.

· The Middle colonists were a mixture of religions, including Quakers (led by William Penn), Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, and others.

· The Southern colonists had a mixture of religions as well, including Baptists and Anglicans.

Middle colonies:

· Wanted to practice their own religion or to make money

· Most pilgrims didn’t bring their families with them from England because they were perfect workers for the hard work required in ironworks and shipyards

Southern Colonies:

· Mainly out to make money

· They brought their families, just like the New England Colonists.

· They kept their families together on plantations

· Main motivation: make good money that was available in the new market in America

founders

Colony Name

Year Founded

Founded By

Became Royal Colony

Virginia

1607

London Company

1624

Massachusetts

1620 – Plymouth colony
1630 - Massachusetts Bay Colony

Puritans

1691

New

Hampshire

1623

John Wheelwright

1679

Maryland

1634

Lord Baltimore

N/A

Connecticut

1635

Thomas Hooker

N/A

Rhode Island

1636

Roger Williams

N/A

Delaware

1638

Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company

N/A

North

Carolina

1653

Virginians

1729

South Carolina

1663

Eight Nobles with a Royal Charter from Charles II

1729

New Jersey

1664

Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret

1702

New York

1664

Duke of York

1685

Pennsylvania

1682

William Penn

N/A

Georgia

1732

James Edward Oglethorpe

1752

new england

1) List each colony in your region, year founded, and the founder below.

Name of Colony

Year Founded

Founder


Massachusetts

1630

John Winthrop


Connecticut

1636

Thomas Hooker


Rhode Island

1636

Roger Williams


New Hampshire

1638

John Wheelwright


2) Give a brief description of why these colonies were founded.

3) List three geographical characteristics of each colony.

Massachusetts

Connecticut

Rhode Island

New Hampshire


· Massachusetts became a leader in resisting British oppression.

· Connecticut is 110 miles long and 70 miles wide.

· Rhode Island is about 40 miles long and 30 miles wide.

· New Hampshire is about 190 miles long from north to south and about 70 miles wide.


· In the 19th century, Massachusetts was famous for the intellectual activity educators.

· Connecticut is bordered on the north by Massachusetts and on the south by Long Island Sound.

· Rhode Island is bordered by Massachusetts on the north and on the east.

· Between the highest point and the lowest point in New Hampshire, the mean elevation of the state of is 1,000 feet above sea level.


· The lowest point in Connecticut is where the state borders Long Island Sound; sea level.

· The highest point in Rhode Island is Jerimoth Hill, in Foster, at 812 feet above sea level.

· New Hampshire is bordered by Canada on the north and by Massachusetts on the south.









4) What role did religion play in the development of your region?

The New England colonies religion was religious freedom.

5) Describe their economic conditions of the region.

New England colonists had a thriving economy; they had a shipbuilding system and mercantile network.

6) Other important facts/information

· Pilgrims came to the new world to build the community they believed God intended for them.

· They'd planned to settle in Virginia, near Jamestown, but wound up way north, in Plymouth.

· Their tradition of self-rule led to the formation of the town meetings politicians still hold to this day.