The first article is the longest article. Article I is the legislative branch which is the lawmaking branch. The legislative branch passes the laws. This article creates a legislature with 2 organization, one of which is the Senate that is based on equal representation throughout each state and then there is the House of Representatives with representation based on the population. Part 2 of Article I states that an election will be held for each position every 2 years. You also must be of the age, 25 or older and you have to have been a citizen of the United States for at least 7 years. The House of Representatives will choose the officer and speaker and they have the full power of impeachment.
The second article is the executive branch, the head of this branch is the president. The executive branch enforces the laws. This branch also manages day-to-day operations of government. The responsibilities of the president is to "preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States". Some powers include making treaties with other nations, appointing federal judges, and determining what is best run for this country.
This article outlines the judicial branch, the powers of the federal court system. The Judicial branch interpret the laws. Determine that the court of last resort in US Supreme Court and that the US Congress has the power to make the choice of the size and extent of the courts below it. All judges are appointed for life, or if they resign due to inappropriate behavior. They who facing charges are to be tried and judged by a jury of their workers.
The article defines the relationship between the federal government and the states. The federal government promises a republican form of government in every state, protects nation, and the people from foreign/domestic violence. It also decides how new states are able to join the Union and suggest that all the states are equal to one another and respect each others laws and judicial decisions made by another state court system.
This article permits future generations to amend the Constitution if the society needs it. Both the state and Congress have the power to initiate the amendment process. It needs to be officially proposed by 2/3 votes in both houses first, then it needs to be ratified by 3/4 of the state legislatures. This formal process was established by Framers in 1787. Over 27 amendments to the Constitution have been ratified.
Article 6 establishes the laws and treaties of US. This article determines that the US Constitution and all the laws made from it are the "Supreme Law of the Land", all officials, if members of state legislatures, congress, or judiciary, or the executive have to swear this oath to the Constitution.
This article is about the details of all the people who signed the Constitution and representing the original 13 states. The first of 13 states to sign the Constitution was Delaware, then Pennsylvania, then New Jersey. It took about 2 and a half years for all the states to sign. Only 9/13 needed to sign the Constitution for it too pass. The 9th state was New Hampshire on June 21st, 1788. Eventually all the states had signed.