Britain Recovers Debt from War

Result of the Seven Years War

French and Indian War

Learning Outcome

Great Britain’s massive debt from the Seven Years’ War resulted in renewed efforts to consolidate imperial control over North American markets, taxes, and political institutions - actions that were supported by some colonists but resisted by others.

Join or Die

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Join or Die was a campaign that prospered in the colonies most during the French and Indian War. Many colonists were outraged by the fact that they had to pay taxes without any representation. The Join or Die ad was made in an attempt to convince the colonists that they must band together to reach their goals or they would perish, or at least not accomplish what they hoped.

Stamp Act

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Tariffs such as the Stamp Act outraged colonists in America. The British saw the Stamp Act as an opportunity to help pay off the costs of the French and Indian War and it was a tariff that was already in place in Britain. However it did not play over well in the colonies. The colonists were angered by the fact that they were being taxed without representation, although a few loyalists were fine with paying a tax that payed for their protection.

British Standing Army

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This is an image of a standing army arriving from Britain. After the French and Indian War there was large amounts of debt that needed to be paid off, which was passed on to the colonists via the form of various taxes and laws such as the Sugar Act and Quartering Act. Some colonists approved of the support of the crown while others were outraged at the taxation without representation. After the colonists protested the Tea Act by dumping tea into the Boston Harbor, England passed various acts including one that closed the port of Boston and stationed an army there as pictured above.

Boston Tea Party

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Pictured above is the Boston Tea Party. The colonists were most outraged by the tea monopoly that was forced upon them, even though it lowered tea prices. They responded in protest by dressing up as Indians, sneaking onto ships, and dumping hundreds of crates of tea into the Boston Harbor. However not all colonists approved of this, some considered it outrageous and disloyal to the crown. However, the majority rallied around this even though it led to the dreaded Intolerable Acts.


The Join or Die campaign during the French and Indian War banded colonists together against outside forces, evoking a sense of independence. Because of the cost of the war the enforced tariffs like the Stamp Act. When the colonists refused these tariffs and revolted they enforced a standing army to the colonies. Outraged by even more tariffs, the Boston Tea Party occurred. This only led Britain to strengthen its hold on the colonies economically and politically.