Connections between monumental changes of American Society


The connection between the Civil War, the Civil Rights Movement, and The Vatican II is that all of these reconstructions and reforms gave African Americans more rights and changed how society had been for a long period of time.

Civil War: Slaves and African Americans

Civil War

African Americans Slaves

While the Civil War was the result of a combination of issues of boundaries and State's Rights, the burning reason for the Civil War was the issue of slavery. For as long as society has been developing slaves where a main part of an economy. As the northern States in America moved towards an industrial economy, the need for slave work diminished. Immigrants from around the world came to America to find work, and the laborers worked for little pay. The North abolished slavery, causing the South to secede because they enjoyed the use of slavery. The Dred- Scott decision was a court case where an African-American looked for citizenship in America. The final decision was that no African-Americans could become citizens. African-Americans who had been freed from slavery rarely found work, and where in danger of being reoccupied by a slave owner. In 1963, Abraham Lincoln passed his "Emancipation Proclamation" which ended slavery. Slaves in the South would not be freed until Union troops reached them, since Confederates did not recognize Lincoln's authority. Lincoln assured that all slaves crossing over into the Union would be freed, and that the freedom of all slaves was a war goal. After the War ended in 1865, Lincoln sent troops to the South to protect the newly freed slaves from their captors. After ten years, the troops were withdrawn, but slaves were again brutally enslaved by their captors. Slavery very much existed well into the 20th century illegally. Some black men, without conviction of a crime, would be brutally beat, sold, and used by sharecroppers. Franklin Roosevelt was the President who officially ended slavery in 1941, by sending in investigators to investigate illegal servitude. Black people in America were receiving next to no rights even after the abolition of slavery, leading to social unrest between White and Black people. The end of slavery was one of the biggest changes in American history.

Issues Unresolved

Slaves freed from Slavery still had little rights. They could not vote, and could not hold office in local governments or federal governments. These issues would later be resolved in the 1960's.

African American Rights - Civil Rights Act


African Americans had been mistreated for about 100 years. They were fed up and they wanted change.

1. African Americans were segregated

2. They were not allowed to vote

3. Were not offered same education

4. Had to attend different restaurants, cinemas, and even pools

So, They decided to fight for themselves.

1. They marched on Washington

2. Had political rallies

3. Violently attacked

4. Rioted

African Americans prayers were answered, and in 1968, The Civil Rights Act was passed.

Important Person- Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks is famous for not moving to the back of the bus. In public transportation, the black people were supposed to ride in the very back of the bus, but courageously, Rosa Parks stood up for her God- Given Rights, and refused. She is widely admired to this day.

Stas Astahov

Jackson 5 - ABC (stasdrum cover) by Stas Astahov

Vatican II Influence on African-Americans in Today's Church

American Culture.

Churches had self segregated themselves between white and black people. The churches were not instructed to segregate, but since everything else was segregated, they self segregated themselves. Before Vatican II, which was a modernization of the Catholic mass and laws for Catholics, Catholic masses consisted of chants, or Gregorian music. The Vatican II allowed for masses to be said in the regions common language. This change in the language also involved invited a change in the praise and worship sung at mass. African-Americans began to sing a new "Funk" kind of praise and worship. Vatican II allowed for more people to be involved in the mass and participation throughout.

Some of the changes Vatican II made are:

1. Meat was allowed to be eaten on Fridays not during Lent.

2. Women no longer needed to wear habits

3. Music changed from Gregorian to a lively worship

4. The priest faced the congregation while saying Mass.

5. Catholics were no longer prohibited to interact with Protestants.

The change in African- Americans role in mass, and that the Vatican II greatly changed the American culture is how it is connected to the other two events.


Gregorian Chant - Benedictine Monks - Church Music by lovagdaniel


The connection between the Civil War, the Civil Rights Movement, and The Vatican II is that all of these reconstructions and reforms gave African Americans more rights and changed how society had been for a long period of time.

African Americans fought in the Wars in the Civil War, slavery had been apart of American society, and the slaves had little rights

African Americans continued to have no rights till they moved to have their rights as men. Americans were used to segregation in their daily lives.

Vatican II allowed for a more lively mass, interesting the youth and African Americans. Vatican II also drastically changed how Catholics lived their daily lives.

Music in Liturgy - Office of Black Catholics