Clinical Depression

Abby Baker 6th Period


A dose of positivity a day..keeps the depression away.


Clinical Depression can affect a person's ability to concentrate,sleep,perform at school or work,or handle everyday decisions and challenges.

Background on Depression

Depression is a common disease with substantial morbidity and mortality. Approximately 5% of the population has major depression at any given time, with men experiencing a lifetime risk of 7-12%; and women 20-25%. Mortality rates by suicide are estimated to be as high as 15% among patients hospitalized for severe depression.

Depression was initially called "melancholia". The earliest accounts of melancholia appeared in ancient Mesopotamian texts in the second millennium B.C. At this time, all mental illnesses were attributed to demonic possession, and were attended to by priests. In contrast, a separate class of "physicians" treated physical injuries (but not conditions like depression). The first historical understanding of depression was thus that depression was a spiritual (or mental) illness rather than a physical one.

Age/Gender Specific

Depression is more common in Women.Compared to men, women are much more subjected to fluctuating hormone levels. This is especially the case around the time of childbirth and at the menopause, both of which are associated with an increased risk of developing depression.

Women are more ruminative than men, that is, they tend to think about things more—which, though a very good thing, may also predispose them to developing depression. In contrast, men are more likely to react to difficult times with anger and substance misuse.

For both genders it is most common in those who are 25-44 years of age, and least common for those over the age of 65.

Depression in women

  • Women experience depression twice as often as men.
  • Many women are also particularly vulnerable after having a baby.
  • The hormonal and physical changes,as well as the added responsibility of a new life,can be factors that lead to Postpartum Depression.

Depression in men

  • Although men are less likely to suffer from depression than women,three to four million men in the United States are affected by the illness.
  • Men's depression is often masked by alcohol or drugs.

Depression in children

  • Depressed children may pretend to be sick,refuse to go to school or cling to a parent.
  • Older children may sulk(a period of gloomy and bad-tempered silence stemming from annoyance and resentment. ),get into trouble at school,be negative,angry and feel misunderstood.

Causes of Depression

  • Some types of depression run in families.
  • Stress at home,work and school.
  • Major depression is often associated with changes in brain structures or brain function.
  • Is a result from a chemical imbalance that a person cannot overcome without professional help.

Symptoms of Depression

  • Sad,anxious,or "empty".
  • Feelings of hopelessness.
  • Feelings of guilt,worthlessness or helplessness.
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities.
  • Decreased energy,fatigue and being slowed down.
  • Difficulty concentat



  • Cognitive behavioral therapy helps you see how behaviors and the way you think about things plays a role in your depression. Your therapist will help you change some of these unhealthy patterns.
  • Interpersonal therapy focuses on your relationships with other people and how they affect you. Your therapist will also help you pinpoint and change unhealthy habits.
  • Problem-solving therapy focuses on the specific problems you face and helps you find solutions.