Battles of the Civil War

Hailey Moore- Miller B

The Battle of Fort Sumter

At this point in time, the United States had been tense for a while, and South Carolina finally seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860. Fort Sumter was located near the Charleston harbor in South Carolina and it was still owned by the Union. Major Robert Anderson and eighty-five of his soldiers were there for safety. Ironically, on Thursday, April 11, 1861 General P.G.T. Beauregard demanded the surrender of the fort because it was a part of territory that wasn’t apart of the United States anymore. Anderson refused so attack started the next morning. This is the first official battle of the Civil War. The fight lasted thirty-four hours and Anderson and his men had to use his resources wisely because he didn’t have much supplies. Unfortunately, what little he did have was not enough to keep up with the Confederates. Robert Anderson was forced to surrender Saturday, April 13. Surprisingly, there were no casualties in this battle.,. 'Fort Sumter'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

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The Battle of Antietam

The battle of Antietam was located in Sharpsburg, Maryland It began September 17, 1862 at dawn. The Union, lead by George B. McClellan, was prepared with more men than the Confederates. They were lead by Robert E. Lee in this battle. There were many casualties in this battle, 22,717 to be exact. There were so many lives lost on both sides that the battle was called a tie between the two sides, even though the Union technically claimed to have won. This battle is very important because it gave Abraham Lincoln the chance to deliver his famous Emancipation Proclamation afterwards.

Antietam, The. 'Battle Of Antietam - American Civil War - HISTORY.Com'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

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The Battle of Vicksburg

The battle of Vicksburg was a big victory for the Union. It was located in Vicksburg, Mississippi. The leader of the Union was Ulysses S. Grant and the leader of the Confederate was John C. Pemberton. This battle was very long. After forty-five days of fighting, Pemberton surrendered on July 4, 1863. This gave the Union control of the Mississippi River and left the Confederate in poor condition. This helped set up the Union for success.,. 'Antique Civil War Prints'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

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The Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg was a big battle for the Civil War. Robert E. Lee and the Confederates were confident going into the battle that they would do well. Lee thought it was important also because he wanted to win a battle in Northern territory. The fighting started on July 1, 1863. The Confederate were able to keep pushing the Union farther back but they mostly held their ground. In the last hours of the battle, Lee made a desperate move to send 12,000 of his soldiers to attack George G. Meade. In the end the Confederate suffered the greater lose and surrendered on July 3. This battle lead to Abraham Lincoln giving his well-known Gettysburg Address.

Gettysburg, Lee. 'Battle Of Gettysburg - American Civil War - HISTORY.Com'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

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Sherman's March to the Sea

Sherman’s March to the Sea started with a battle in Atlanta, Georgia on July 22, 1864. The Union was lead by William T. Sherman and the Confederate were lead by John Bell Hood. Hood wanted to surprise attack the Union but they were prepared. During this battle Commander McPherson was killed which is important because he was the second Union commander to be killed in the war. In the end the Union won, but it didn’t stop there. Sherman and his army traveled a path that was about forty to sixty miles wide all the way to Savannah, Georgia. They destroyed anything and everything that was in their path. This caused a lot of damage to the Confederate and weakened them overall.,. 'Civil War For Kids: Sherman's March To The Sea'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

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Battle of Fort Fisher

Another battle of the Civil War is the battle of Fort Fisher. It took place on January 13, 1865 and ended on January 15. The North had just recently claim victory in another battle and were well prepared for this one. The Union, lead by Alfred Terry, took victory over the Confederate, lead by Robert Hoke. This battle opened up attack on the South’s last port on the Atlantic coast. The Union could take control over it and possibly use it to win the war.,. 'Battles In North Carolina'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

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Appomattox Court House

The battle at the Appomattox Court House took place in Appomattox County, Virginia on April 9, 1865. The Union, commanded by Ulysses S. Grant, had a plan to finish off Robert E. Lee and his Confederate army. They wanted to cut them off from getting supplies. The Confederate army was already in bad shape by this point. Before the battle even started Lee wanted to call a truce. There were seven hundred casualties in this battle and the Union one. This basically put an end to the Civil War.,. 'Gateway High School | Miss Ballast's Webpages'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.

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Information Citation:,. 'Civil War Battlefields - Learn About The American Civil War | Civil War Preservation Trust'. N.p., 2015. Web. 13 Mar. 2015.