The Mayans

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The Maya Empire

The Maya Empire, centered in the tropical lowlands of what is now Guatemala, reached the peak of its power and influence around the sixth century A.D. The Maya excelled at agriculture, pottery, hieroglyph writing, calendar-making and mathematics, and left behind an astonishing amount of impressive architecture and symbolic artwork. Most of the great stone cities of the Maya were abandoned by A.D. 900, however, and since the 19th century scholars have debated what might have caused this dramatic decline.

Art and Music

The Mayas made art out of many things, also painted on buildings and cavs. They really appreciated music, created drums, flutes, and rattles.

Their God(s)

There were thirteen Mayan gods belonging to the thirteen of heavens of the Mayan religion and nine gods from the nine underworlds. Natural elements such as the stars and the planets, crops, numbers, days and periods of time each had their own gods. The mood of the Mayan gods changed according to the days in the Mayan calendar or the position of the sun, moon and stars. Some of most notable gods are Chaac – God of Rain and Thunder, Ixchel – jaguar goddess of midwifery, Ah Puch – God of Death.

Today, the Mayan civilization and their descendants form sizable populations throughout the Maya area known as the Mundo Maya and maintain a distinctive set of traditions and beliefs. Over 500 different Mayan languages continue to be spoken today.

To visit some of these sites and experience the beauty of the Mayan civilization really is an opportunity not to be missed during your Cancun vacation. There are many tours available from your hotel or tour operator.

Farming and Hunting

They were skilled farmers made surplus made a building sizable underground to restore rain water, also skilled with weaving and potters

Geography

The central mayan area considered of the rain forest of central guatemala. The Maya civilization was one of the most dominant indigenous societies of Mesoamerica. Unlike other scattered indigenous populations of Mesoamerica, the Maya were centered in one geographical block covering all of the Yucatan Peninsula and modern-day Guatemala; Belize and parts of the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas; and the western part of Honduras and El Salvador. This concentration showed that the Maya remained relatively secure from invasion by other Mesoamerican peoples.

Government

Mayan goovernment was an hereditary absolute monarchy. farmers, artisans, or merchants paid taxes and military service.

Religion/ Rituals/ Customs

For The Maya, blood sacrifice was necessary for the suvival of both Gods and people, sendinghuman energy skywardand receiving divine power.

Science / Math

The mayans had very good scientists in many differerent subjects, such as medicine, astronomy and mathematics and were able to accurately predict celestial events and developed an accurate calender of 360days used to plan their harvest and religious ceremonies, in mathematicis mayans used 1, 20, 400, 8,000, and 160,000 for their number systems.

The Mayan Calendar was not the original Mesoamerican calendar, but with the refinements the Mayans made, it became the most sophisticated. The Mayan calendar along with the Aztec calendar are the the best documented and most completely understood of all the Mesoamerican calendars

Mayan architecture

Mayan architecture spans many thousands of years. The most dramatic and easily recognizable are the fantastic stepped pyramids in places such as Chichen Itza and Coba to name but a few. A year ago Chichen Itza was named as one of the seven wonders of the world, and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site for 20 years.