Mexican Revolution

1910-1920 BY Liz Villa

What happened?

The Mexican Revolution,1910-1920, was one of Mexico's most complicated decade. The article written by Jesse Greenspan says, "The conflict in which at least 1 million people are believed to have died, produced a host of national heroes as well as a new constitution full of economic, social, and political reforms" (Greenspan). Mexicans did not have many rights and were being mistreated by the elite class of the country, which was the people that they worked for. The main cause for the revolution was to overthrow the dictator Porfirio Diaz.


The Mexican Revolution started in 1910 when Francisco Madero decided to run against Diaz who had been president since 1876. When Madero ran for presidency against Diaz he was incarcerated by Diaz's orders and said he had won the elections. According to Louise the author of The Mexican Revolution when this happened, the revolutionary leaders, Francisco (Pancho) Villa, Pascual Orozco, and Emiliano Zapata fought to have Diaz out of office. Finally in 1911 Diaz left the country and Francisco Madero, a social justice advocate, became the president. Madero was then assasinated by the General Victorino Huerta and became president himself in 1913. The revolutionary leaders Zapata, Villa, and Orozco kept fighting for justice along with the Mexicans. They wanted to have a good president and since Mexico had a total of 7 different presidents in one decade, Mexicans had their right to rebel to get justice.


Although there was a lof of battles and deaths during the revolution, there was some good effects. In 1917 when Carranza was leading the constitutional convention the Mexican Constitution was signed. According to Jesse Greenspam, the author of the article on History.com states that in the constitution people had to get paid a minimum wage and have their basic human rights in the workplace (Greenspam). Towards the end of the revolution Emiliano Zapata was assassinated through the orders of President Carranza in 1919. Since Zapata had been a major contributor to the justice of revolution the Mexican people rebelled against him and was also assassinated. That same year Alvarado Obregon became the president of Mexico and the revolution ended. According to the book 6 Things You May Not Know About The Mexican Revolution article even though the revolution ended, there was still a lot of battles, deaths, and conflicts in the country (Greenspam).

What were the roles of the Mexican citizens during the revolution?

The roles of the Mexican people were to join Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa. Most men joined the army. During this time since the battles took place in a lot of the towns, men were welcome into the homes and women would provide food, first aid, and shelter for them. Some of the time even women would become soldiers themselves (Magher).

Other roles that people had were to support the revolutionary leaders. They had to continue to fight against the unfair leaders. Other people were responsible to organize to write the constitution. Some artists role was to document the revolution through paintings, for example, Diego Rivera. The citizens had many roles but their major role was to fight for justice.

Bibliography

Greenspam, Jesse. "6 Things You May Not Know About the Mexican Revolution."

History.com. A&E Television Networks, 20 Nov. 2012. Web. 18 Sept. 2015

<http://www.history.com/news/6-things-you-may-not-know-about-the-mexican

revolution>

History.com is a website where it covers many historical events. The source talks about six things many people don't know about the Mexican Revolution. Although the source had much good information it's limited because it's a secondary

source so the view of people's perspective who experienced the revolution is not there.


Mahger, Maria. "What Roles Did Geography Play In The Mexican Revolution."

www.Seattlepi.com. Demand Media, n.d. Web. 18 Sept. 2015

<http://education.seattlepi.com/roles-did-geography-play-mexican-revolution

7006.html>.

Seattlepi.com is a news website where there are current news and historical

event articles. In the specific article written by Maria Magher, the topic was

about the geographical roles on the Mexican Revolution. Although this article

had a lot of information it's limited to the secondary point of view.



Slavicek, Louise Chipley. The Mexican Revolution. New York: Chelsea House, 2011. Print.

The book The Mexican Revolution is written by Louise who has a masters degree in

in history. It's about the history of the Mexican Revolution but only focuses on

the historical view not on the perspectives of the people and their point of view

during the revolution.

Works Refrenced

"Mexican Revolution." Britannica School.Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2015. Web. 20 Sep. 2015. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/52382>.


Niemeyer, E.V. "Anticlericalism in the Mexican Constitutional Convention of 1916-1917." Http://www.jstor.org/. Academy of American Franciscan History, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2015.


"BrainPOP - Mexican Revolution - Movie." BrainPOP. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Sept. 2015. <https://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/mexicanrevolution/>.