North American Natives

Created by: Addie Waldrop

The Anaszi

These natives of North America are ancestors of the Pueblo. They constructed dams, ditches, and canals to trap water. Their houses were made out of stone. These houses were built like apartments. They were built along walls of cliffs. The heart of this civilization in the Chaco Canyon was called the Pueblo Bonito. There was a massive village here that held more than 1,000 people. In Pueblo Benito people created roads for trade. The Anasazi people eventually left Pueblo Bonito because of many droughts. People apart of Anasazi made many things including baskets, pottery, and jewelry. Also this groups art and architecture was highly influenced by the groups such as Hopi and Zuni. These groups are actually two of the largest Pueblo groups today.

The Adena

The Adena are also known as the Eastern Woodlands people. The Adena lived around the Ohio valley near the time 700 BC. They grew many things including squash, sunflowers, barley, and gourds. They also made magnificent jewelry made out of copper and they produced beautiful pottery. This group of people also made amazing burial mounds. They were built with log structures and piles of the Earth. These mounds were beautiful! Because they built these mounds, They were known as mound builders.

The Hopewell

The Hopewell people are also known as the Eastern Woodlands people. They lived in the Ohio valley around 300 BC. They built mounds that could be as large as 40 feet high and 100 feet wide. Just like the Adena, they were known as mound builders because they built beautiful mounds. Many people have found artifacts from the Hopewell show that there was a very large trading system that the Hopewell managed.

The Mississippians

The Mississippians lived in the Mississippi valley around 800 AD. Because of the many foods they had they Mississippians had a huge population. Because of their huge population they needed more land. When they found new land they built cities which could hold up to 10,000 people. Their largest city was known as Cahokia which was located near what is now present day East St. Louis. In the center of Cahokia was a huge mound. This mound was more than 100 feet tall and had a base of 14 acres. This mound was actually larger than the pyramids in Egypt. Around this mound many more smaller mounds stood. The Mississippians had a large impact on the Eastern Woodlands people, even though their empire collapsed around 1300 AD.