Emerson H.

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This is a map of the position of mecca, Saudi Arabia. It's located in the western region of the Arabian Peninsula. It is between Jeddah and Taif. It's latitude and longitude are 25°25'N, 39°49'E
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Mecca is a city, with a large figure-8 shaped building with multiple towers coming off of it as it's centerpiece. In the middle of the stadium shaped lower half of the 8, is a large, black stone called the Ka'ba. This sacred site is the destination for 6 million people of the Muslim faith during the largest pilgrimage ever before Europe explored the Americas.
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Mecca's history is expansive and dates back to around Ismael's decedents time. This shows that Mecca may have existed for a long expanse of time. The city has survived for millennium of battle and even both world wars.

The history of Mecca may also-according to Islamic tradition-goes back to Abraham, who built the Ka'ba with Ishmael in around 2000 BCE. The prophet Muhammad also was born within the city and had his first revelations from god, or rather god through Gabriel, in a cave about 2 miles from Mecca. This shows why Mecca is considered holy.

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Who is it sacred to?

It mecca is sacred to the Muslims and people living in Islam, and is called "one of the holiest places in Islam". Muhammad was born here and was near the place that he had his first revelation. Also, the Ka'ba, the black stone in the middle was supposedly created by Abraham
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The pilgrimage of Mecca or Hajj was the largest pilgrimage before the Europeans took over the Americas. Today, over 6 million Muslims annually attend the pilgrimage. The pilgrimage, known as Hajj, is mandatory for a Muslim to attempt at least once in their lives. Although this is a sacred site, public crowding is an issue, as people will sometimes be killed by stampede.
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The ka'ba is a large, cubicle, black stone in the middle of Mecca. When you are at mecca, you are supposed to kiss the stone to remove your sins. This stone is said to once have been white, but became black with the sins of the people who've kissed it.
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Works Cited

A 19th-century engraving of the Kaaba, the symbolic focus of Muslims, at the Sacred Mosque in Mecca. New York Times. New York times, 30 Sept. 2014. Web. 2 Mar. 2016. <>.

An aerial photograph provides a birds-eye view of Muslim pilgrims performing their evening prayers on Dec. 12, 2007, at the Grand Mosque in the holy city of Mecca in Saudi Arabia. Journal Sentinal. Journal Sentinal, 28 Oct. 2008. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <>.

“Entry_gate_of_mecca.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 8 Feb. 2015. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <>.

Gensler. “Dam-Images-Daily-2.” Architectural Digest. N.p., 31 May 2015. Web. 2 Mar. 2016. <>.

“Kabah.” Aisa786. Life Islam, 17 Aug. 2015. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <>.

“Mecca.” Sacred Sites: Places of Peace and Power. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Feb. 2016.

“Mecca -.” Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2016.

“Mecca Map.” Wikimedia. Wikipedia, 17 Jan. 2015. Web. 2 Mar. 2016. <,_Saudi_Arabia_locator_map.png>.

“1951 Hajj.” Yahoo! News. Yahoo!, 2 Oct. 2014. Web. 2 Mar. 2016. <>.

“O-HAJJ-facebook.” Huffpost Religion. Huffpost Religion, 26 Sept. 2014. Web. 2 Mar. 2016. <>.

Robinson, Francis. Atlas of the Islamic World since 1500. New York: Facts On File, 1982. Print.