The past and future of the car
From ww2 to the future of driving planes
How WW2 had an impact on the car industry
When the United States took part in the second world war,all car manufacturing stopped. Just like in other nations that took part in the war, the factories were used to manufacture military equipment. Chevrolet manufactured military trucks and engines for bigger airplanes. Cadillac manufactured engines in M5 tanks and parts for planes. Buick made Hellcat Tank Destroyer. Studebaker made engines in Flying Fortress.
Henry Ford said he could mass produce military automobiles and planes but no believed him. He ended up being able to make one bomber an hour all day. United States authorities put on a design competition of an military jeep. Couple of companies took part but most people presumed that Ford would win. Willy Overland won the competition and the Willy's jeep went into production. It soon came to light that Willy's wouldn't be able to produce the jeep fast enough so the contract fell into the hands of Ford who was able to produce 30 jeeps an hour designed by Willy's Overland.
Seinni heimstyrjöld hafði áhrif
Þegar Bandaríkin tóku þátt í seinni heimstyrjöldinni staðnaði öll bílaframleiðsla. Eins og í öðrum löndum sem tóku þátt í stríðinu voru verksmiðjur notaðar til framleiðslu á hergögnum. Chevrolet framleiddi hertrukka og vélar í stærri herflugvélar. Cadillac framleiddi vélar í M5 skriðdrekann og parta í flugvélar. Buick framleiddi Hellcat Tank Destroyer. Studebaker framleiddi vélarnar í Flying Fortress.
Henry Ford sagðist geta fjöldaframleitt herfarartæki og þá ef til vill flugvélar, en enginn trúði honum. Hann endaði á því að geta framleitt sprengjuflugvél á klukkustund allan sólarhringinn.Yfirvöld í Bandaríkjunum settu af stað hönnunarkeppni á herjeppa. Nokkur fyrirtæki tóku þátt en bjuggust flestir við að Ford myndi vinna. Willys Overland vann og fór Willys herjeppinn í framleiðslu. Fljótt kom í ljós að Willys myndi alls ekki ná að framleiða jeppann nógu hratt svo að samningurinn endaði í höndum Ford sem náði að framleiða 30 jeppa á klukkustund hannaða af Willys Overland.
I used my memory to translate the text, i have seen many shows on the History Channel that talk about the war and the Willy's jeep. I also chose what i think is the right translation, there is i changed the text a little so it would make sense. I chose this text because i found it interesting, it was part of a bigger article about the American influence on the car industry, and the Willys jeep is one of my favorite vehicles.
The body of the Time Machine
Yfirgrindshönnunin af DMC-12 var hannað af Giorgetto Giugiaro af Ital hönnun og er úr ryðfríu stáli fyrir utan þrjá bíla sem voru úr 24-karata gulli. Allir DMC-12 bílarnir komu úr verksmiðjunni ómálaðir eða með glærri húð. Málaðir Delorean bílar eru til en þeir voru allir málaðir eftir að þeir voru keyptir af fyrirtækinu. Þrír Delorean bílar voru málaðar af stefnu US-fyrirtækinu, og þessir bílar voru allir með fyrstu framleiddu eintökunum. Litlar rispur í ryðfríu stályfirgrindinni geta verið fjarlægðar með málmlausum púða (fyrst að málmpúðar skilja geta skilið eftir járnleifar sem geta ryðgap og myndað ryðútlit á stálinu), eða jafnvel sandpappír. Ryðfríu stálhlutirnir eru lagaðir að glerendurbættu plasti (GRP, fiberglass) í skellaga undirgrind. Undirgrindin kemur frá Lotus Esprit formi.
Ómálaða ryðfría undirgrindin býr til erfiðleika fyrir þá sem ætla sér að gera upp bílana. Í hefðbundnum bílaviðgerðum er hlutarnir af bílnum lagaðir til þess að vera eins upprunalegir og mögulega er hægt og beyglur og slíkt réttaðar og lagað með plastfyllingum eins og Bondo. Þetta er ekkert vandamál í venjulegum bílum þar sem málningin hylur viðgerðirnar. Með ómálaðari ryðfríu stálgrindinni verður að vera endurgert í upprunalegt form sem krefst þvílíkrar hæfni. Upprunalega var ætlast til þess að hlutunum yrði bara skipt út ef þeir myndu skemmast, hver Delorean viðgerðarmiðstöð hefur í það minnsta einn starfsmann sem hefur þessa hæfni til að gera við bílana. Ennþá eru til áratugabyrgðir af upprunalegum ryðfrýjum stálhlutum.
The body design of the DMC-12 was a product of Giorgetto Giugiaro of Ital Design and is expressed in brushed SS304 stainless steel. Except for three cars plated in 24-karat gold, all DMC-12s left the factory uncovered by paint or clearcoat. Painted DeLoreans do exist, although these were all painted after the cars were purchased from the company. Three DeLorean cars were painted at the direction of the US-company, and these cars were all very early production models. Small scratches in the stainless steel body panels can be removed with a non-metallic scouring pad (since metal pads can leave iron particles embedded in the stainless steel which can give the appearance of the stainless "rusting"), or even sandpaper. The stainless steel panels are fixed to a glass-reinforced plastic (GRP, fiberglass) monocoque underbody. The underbody is affixed to a double-Y frame chassis, derived from the Lotus Esprit platform.
The unpainted stainless body creates challenges during restoration of the cars. In traditional automotive body repair, the panel is repaired to be as original ("straight") as possible and imperfections are sculpted back to form with plastic body fillers like Bondo or lead (body solder). This poses no problem (aside from originality) with most cars, as the filler will be hidden by the car's paint (for example, most new cars have filler hiding the seam where the roof meets the quarter panel). With an unpainted stainless body, the stainless steel must be reworked to exactly the original shape, contour and grain - which requires great skill and experience. Originally, DeLorean envisioned that severely damaged panels would simply be replaced rather than repaired; each DeLorean service center today typically has at least one experienced body repair person on staff, and there are decades worth of new stainless panels still available in most instances.
I used mostly the words i had learned while working on the word list assignment to help with the translation. I also used my memory and received some help from my brother. I chose this text because Back to the future is one of my favorite movies and the Delorean plays a huge part in the movie as the time machine.
Interview with Rufus "Parnelli" Jones
I chose this person because he used to be a race car driver. He is most remembered accomplishments at the Indianapolis 500. In the year 1962, he became the first driver to qualify over 150 mph. He won the race in 1963, then famously broke down while leading the 1967 race with three laps to go in a turbine car. Rufus was born August 12, 1933 in Texarkana, Arkansas and is 81 year old today. I thought a race car driver would be the ideal person for this interview.
How did you get into racing?
Is there anything you would have done differently?
What type of racing was the toughest?
Was there anybody better than you?
Was owning a race team as rewarding as driving?
Do you think you will ever race again?
A summary of the interview
I was into horses when I was younger. When I turned 16, I sold my horse and bought a hot rod. I had to work after school in this mechanic's garage to keep it running. Because I was doing that, my cousin took his wife's old'30 Ford and made a jalopy out of it. Since I was working in the garage, he thought I had some mechanical knowledge, and he used to let me warm the car up. And that sort of started the whole thing. I would have liked to run Formula 1 under the right circumstances. That's the one thing I didn't do. I'm the kind of guy who likes to see what's on the other side of the hill. I like that challenge out there. The Baja races were the toughest. They were tough, and you had to be in good shape physically. You're sitting in the car for 15 or 16 hours. And it's the fact that you have to keep concentrating. I didn't think there was anyone better then me. That's what made A.J. (Foyt) such a great driver-that will to win and desire. And I think I had the same thing. You can teach somebody how to drive, but you can't teach them the will and desire and kick-butt attitude. Owning a race team wasn't really as awarding. However it was a little safer. I've never retired. And I've never said, "I quit."
How to solve traffic jams
Jonas Eliasson, a swedish professor talks about the solution to traffic jams. He shows how they managed to lower the traffic jam by adding a low congestion charge. It was an experiment to test the effects of the congestion charge and it shows good promise, the drivers that used to drive the route went elsewhere and how just one day after it was removed the cars came back. People were very crossed with the congestion charge at first but soon people started to approve the idea. Jonas says that we shouldn't tell people how to adapt. We should nudge them. And if you do it correctly they'll embrace it.
Why did i choose this video?
I chose the video because not so long ago they were talking about starting taking congestion charge to be allowed to drive to Reykjavík, the protest was very similar but it was never done here. I also found the video interesting and somewhat funny.
The future of cars
It was filmed in february 2005 when GM were introducing Hy-wire, a project car built for the future. Larry Burns explains the opportunity of using hydrogen to power the future of motoring. He also explains the future of car designing. He talks about the opportunity of having electrical cars as electricity is a lot cheaper than gasoline. He's questioned because GM isn't exactly the leader of the green motoring evolution. Larry says they are trying to be first in the busisness so they can grow bigger and faster than before.
Why did i choose this video?
I chose it because i found it interesting to see how people saw the future of motoring ten years ago and how little the view has changed. Car manufacturers have all started to make electric cars such as battery powered cars and hybrid cars. But it is weird to see how they haven't yet started making hydrogen cars even though they are the future of motoring since the batteries in the electric cars are made out of rare metals that are very hard to come by.
A plane you can drive
It's about the flying car Transition. Anna Mracek Dietrich talks about the prototype carplane they're working on. It is a normal car that has the ability to fly between destinations. The transition has shown good promise and has been said to be very easy to fly and you don't need a hangar because when you land you can fold in the wings and drive home. If it will ever be released to the puplic it would be sold as an off-road vehicle. It really was just built to show that making a flying car for the puplic is possible.
Why did i choose this video?
I chose this video because i have always wanted a flying car because who hasn't dreamt of being able to fly on a good summer day. You could with an normal airplane but they're very expensive and you can't drive them when you land. This would be ideal for when the sun is shining and you could drive to the airport near Selfoss and fly to Westmann islands and drive it about and then fly it back again. It would also take a lot less time to fly between places than drive everywhere.
Self Assessment Atli-Diary
Day 1-Tuesday 14. April. Found a couple texts to translate but the teacher only approved one of them which was about the history of the American car industry – my main subject will be automotive history and the future of motoring – it was quite the challenge to find an adequate text.
Day 2 – Thursday 16. April. Finished translating the text- tried to find a text to translate from English to Icelandic but didn‘t find anything good enough.
Day 3 – Friday 17. April. Finally found a text and the teacher approved of it. The text is about the once futuristic car Delorean, i focused on the stainless steel body to translate – finished translating the text which was a lot harder than i thought because the words which were in it aren‘t so easily translated to Icelandic – I have started to send emails to people connected to the automotive industry.
Day 4 – Tuesday 21. April. Started browsing through videos on ted.com for the website-checked if i had already received any reply's but hadn‘t gotten any. I started to focus which ted videos i was going to summarize, i decided to focus more on future technology.
Day 5 – Friday 24. April. Found three videos i want to talk about on the website, i picked one that was about the solution to traffic jams. The second one was about the future of the car industry,with the hydrogen car. The third one was about flying cars, a prototype that can be used as a daily commute and as an airplane. I received a reply from one of the persons connected to the subject, Rufus, which is a former racing car driver.
Day 6 – Tuesday 28. April. Finished the website by finishing writing the ted.com video summarizes. And completed the self assessment.
In total 653,568 military jeeps were produced.
One of three that were made out of 24-karat gold.
Rufus "Parnelli" Jones
A former racing car driver and is now a successful businessman.