By: Hailey Brown

The History of Switzerland

Switzerland was originally inhabited by the Helvetic Celts until it was overtaken by Rome during the Gallic Wars in the 1st century BC. It flourished under the Romans but was taken over by Germanic tribes for the north and west. After the death of the Roman Emperor, they signed a public peace charter on August 1st, 1291, which is now Switzerland's National Day. They finally gained independence from Rome in 1499. In 1815, the Congress of Vienna made the Swiss status permanently neutral in international law. Because of this, they didn't even become a member of the United Nations until 2002. They remain neutral today.


Switzerland is a mountainous country, with most of its inhabitants living in a plateau between the High Alps in the South and the Jura Mountains in the North. There are also glaciers in the Swiss Alps.


Switzerland has mostly temperate weather

In the summer: Cool to warm temperature, cloudy and humid, with occasional showers

In the winter: Cold and cloudy, with rain and snow

Swiss Food

1. Fondue- bread pieces dipped in melted cheese being warmed over and open flame in a clay pot.

2. Roasted Flour Soup- A simple soup made of flour, butter, onion, and beef stock, with grated cheese on top.

3. Zopf- A soft white bread traditionally eaten on Sunday mornings.

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Major Cities of Switzerland

1. Bern- the capital

2. Zurich

3. Geneva

4. Basel