Deoxyribonucleic Acid

Absolutely mind blowing!

Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA)

DNA is a self-replicating material present in nearly all living organisms as the main constituent of chromosomes. It is also the carrier of genetic information.

What does DNA do?

DNA carr­ies all of the information for your physical characteristics, which are essentially determined by proteins. So, DNA contains the instructions for making a protein.

Heredity

Heredity is the passing of traits to offspring from its parents. This is the process by which an offspring cell or organism acquires or becomes predisposed to the characteristics of its parent cell or organism.

Replication

DNA replication is the process of producing two identical replicas from one original DNA molecule. This biological process occurs in all living organisms and is the basis for heredity.

Protein Production

Protein Production is the process by which amino acids are linearly arranged into proteins through the involvement of ribosomal RNA, transfer RNA, messenger RNA, and various enzymes.

Ribonucleic Acid (RNA)

RNA is a polymeric molecule. It is implicated in a varied sort of biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.

Types of RNA

mRNA or Messenger RNA
rRNA or Ribosomal RNA
tRNA or Transfer RNA

What does RNA do?

RNA carries out the instructions encoded in DNA. Messenger RNA (mRNA) carries the genetic information copied from DNA in the form of a series of three-base code “words,” each of which specifies a particular amino acid. Transfer RNA (tRNA) is the key to deciphering the code words in mRNA. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) associates with a set of proteins to form ribosomes.