Causes of the American Revolution

1763-1776

The American Revolution was the war that the thirteen colonies fought against Great Britain for their Independence.

Navigation Acts

The navigation acts were laws that restricted the thirteen colonies to trade with other countries. The acts were put into place to ensure England that they were getting the most money from the colonies as possible. The colonist were very angry with these laws because they could only buy and sell their goods with England.

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Proclamation of 1763

The Proclamation of 1763 were laws that prohibited the colonist to settle west of the Appellation mountains. The king put this law into effect to avoid any more wars with the native Americans. The reason that England was very strict with this law was because the wars that could have happened with the Indians would have been very expensive.

Stamp Act -1765

The stamp act was the taxing of all paper issued to the thirteen colonies. the law was placed on the colonies so that they could gain money back that they lost from the French and Indian war. The colonist were had many protest because they were so outraged about the taxes. The act was repealed in March of 1766 do to all of the protest.
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Quartering Act

The Quartering Act was to allow royal soldiers to stay in the homes of the colonist if they suspected of smuggled goods in the house. The act also required the colonist to provide the soldiers with food. All f the colonies refused to comply to this act except for Pennsylvania. This act was repealed in 1767.
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Townshend Acts

The Townshend acts were the taxation of everyday goods like glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea. These taxes were to pay for the salaries of royal officials who had to work in the colonies.The colonist responded by refusing to buy these goods.

Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre was when British soldiers fired on a crowd of angry Bostonians after they were throwing sticks, snowballs, rocks, and bottles at the team of troops. Five colonist were killed and three were injured after the fight. The squad of soldiers was out on trial and John Adams agreed to defended the soldiers and show support for the colonial justice system. Two of the soldiers were found guilty of manslaughter and had the letter "M" for murder branded on there thumb for punishment. A printer and industrialist named Paul Revere captured the moment in a painting and named it the Bloody Massacre to get a better reaction from the outraged colonist.

Tea Act

The tea act granted the British East India Tea Company a monopoly on tea in the thirteen colonies. This is what ultimately compelled many members of the Sons of Liberty to dress up as Mohawk Indians and board three ships in the Boston harbor and dump 92,000 pounds of tea into the harbor.
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The Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party was a protest on the Tea Act. The Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Mohawk Indians and climbed aboard three ships moored in the Boston harbor. Once aboard the ships the Sons of Liberty threw 92,000 pounds of Tea into the Boston harbor. The king was so outraged that he had the Boston harbor closed until the tea was paid for by the colonist.

Coercive Acts

The king of England was very angry at Boston for the Boston Tea Party so he made the decision to shut down many parts of Boston until the Damage of the tea party was paid for. Government meeting in Massachusetts were shut down due to the Tea Party. England did this to cut Boston and some of New England off from the rest of the colonies so that Boston would learn their lesson, But that is the opposite of what happened. The other colonies rushed to help Boston by sending supplies and setting up a temporary government until the acts were repealed.
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1st Continental Congress

The 1st Continental Congress was when twelve of the thirteen colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia to pledge their allegiance to king George the third. Georgia decided not to send a representative to the meeting because they needed British assistance with their Native American problem and did not want upset the king. The congress was made up of fifty six delegates appointed by the colonies to discuss the boycott of British trade other things they can do to upset England.