Cowboy Challenge

Concerning Your Health

Effects of Obesity

Obesity-related conditions cost over 150 billion dollars and cause around 300,000 premature deaths in the US.
  • heart disease
    • Atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries) is present 10 times more often in obese people compared to those who are not obese
    • Fatty deposits build up in arteries that supply the heart. Narrowed arteries and reduced blood flow
  • joint problems
    • Obesity can affect the knees and hips because of the stress placed on the joints by extra weight
  • sleep apnea/respiratory problems
    • Added weight of the chest wall squeezes the lungs and causes restricted breathing. Sleep apnea is also associated with high blood pressure.

Normal Ranges: Heart Rate: 60-100 bpm (beats per minute) * Blood Pressure: 120/80

Type II Diabetes

  • Effects of Type II Diabetes: A chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes glucose (sugar), which is the the body’s main source of fuel.
    • With Type II Diabetes, your body still creates insulin, however it either resists the insulin, or your body does not produce enough insulin to maintain a healthy level of glucose.
      • Insulin: A hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells.
    • Although the exact cause of Type II is unknown, obesity and lack of physical exercise seem to be contributing factors to Type II Diabetes.
    • There is no known cure for Type II diabetes but you can manage or even prevent the condition
      • Maintaining a healthy diet
      • Exercising on a regular basis
      • May also need need diabetes medications or insulin therapy to manage your blood sugar.
    • Other Risk Factors
      • High Blood Pressure
      • High blood triglyceride (fat) levels
      • High fat and Carbohydrate diet
      • High alcohol intake

Check Your Weight

Check Your BMI