7 Principles of Government

student online poster

Popular Sovereignty

DEFINITION:Popular Sovereignty is a form of government in which the people rule. For example, people have the right to vote and to decide upon issues based apon their opinion. HOW ITS USED IN THE CONSTITUTION: The Constitution speaks of Popular Sovereinty when it refers to itself as "We the people..."

Republicanism

DEFINITION:Republicanism is the belief that the consent of the people should define their government. This specifically means that people also have the right to vote for senators as their representatives.HOW ITS USED IN THE CONSTITUTION:The Constitution talks about Republicanism when it directly states that every state has a "Republican form of government."

FEDERALISM

DEFINITION:Federalism is a system of government in which the power is shared among the central government and among the states.

HOW ITS USED IN THE CONSTITUTION:The constitution specifically assigns power to the national government; these include delagated, reserved, and concurrent powers.

LIMITED GOVERNMENT

DEFINITION:Limited goverment is a principal that requires all US citizens and government leaders to obey laws. HOW ITS USE IN THE CONSTITION: Article 1, section 9 lists the powers denied to the congress. Limited goverment is also related to included in the constiution.

CHECKS AND BALANCES

DEFINITION: "Checks and balances" is the ability of each branch of government to exercise checks(or controls) over the other branches of governenment.

HOW ITS USED IN THE CONSTITUTION:In the constitution, framers included the system of check and balances to make branches work together fairly. For example, congress has the power to pass laws, but the president can refuse to sign the bill or document.

INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS

DEFINITION:Individual rights are a personal liberty and a privelage that is guaranteed to US citizens the the "Bill of Rights."

HOW ITS USED IN THE CONSTITUTION: The first 10 ammendments of the constitution sheild people from an overly powerful government(which gives rights to the people), and the "Bill of Rights" later advances into the cause of individual rights.

SEPARATION OF POWERS

DEFINITION:

Separation of Powers is the division of the basic governemnt into three branches, that include the executive, legislative, and judicial branches.

HOW ITS USED IN THE CONSTITUTION:

The constitution talks about the separartion and three branches of US government in its articles 1, 2, and 3.

Sofia Ozambela, Justin Hernandez