Geography for Kids
The ONLY DIFFERENCE is that Australia's seasons are opposite of the seasons that we (North America) have, so...
- North America= Summer; Australia=Winter
- North America= Winter; Australia= Summer
- North America= Spring; Australia= Fall
- North America= Fall; Australia= Spring
The tilt of the globe places Australia facing the sun at the same angle that North America would, but there is ONE difference.
Australia is in the SOUTHERN HEMPISPHERE; North America is in the NORTHERN HEMPISHERE
Land and Water Forms
- Indian Ocean- created when Earth formed, and got its name from explorers.
- Fraser Island- wind packed sand together for thousands of years
- Kimberley Plateau- oceans and seas eroded the ground away
- Tasman Sea- named after the explorer, Abel Janszoon Tasman
- Great Victorian Desert- high rainfall and chemical weathering eroded rocks
- Lake Eyre- water was leftover in a ditch after evaporation
- Shark Bay- during the Ice Ages, floods and cold/warm phases changed the coast
- Spencer Gulf- named after Earl Spencer, the first lord of Admiralty
- Darling River- water from oceans and seas cut through the land for thousands of years
- Victoria Reservoir- man made; humans created
- North- hotter
- South- cooler, sometimes with icy winds
The climate is MAINLY tropical.
In the tropical regions, there are "wet" and "dry" climates throughout the year.
- Desert- high rainfall and chemical weathering eroded many rocks, creating sand
- Grassland- found on every continent except Antarctica around the coastal areas of Australia.
- Rain forest- A northern area of Australia in between the tropic of cancer and tropic of Capricorn. There is lots of rain and many trees.
- HURRICANES/TSUNAMIS- the mixing of warm and cold currents in the surrounding bodies of water
- WILDFIRES- dry lands (deserts), droughts, and high temperatures cause many fires
- FLOODS/CYCLONES- long and high rain seasons