Philadelphia, Pennsylvania May 14, 1787
Improving the Confederation
revise the Articles of Confederation, the intention from the outset of many of its proponents, chief among them James Madison and Alexander Hamilton, was to create a new government rather than fix the existing one.
In September 1786, at the Annapolis Convention, delegates from five states called for a Constitutional Convention in order to discuss possible improvements to the Articles of Confederation.
The Virginia plan was a proposal by Virginia delegates for a bicameral legislative branch. The plan was drafted by James Madison while he waited for a quorum to assemble at the Constitutional Convention of 1787. George Washington was a big supporter.
New Jersey Plan
The New Jersey plan was a proposal for the structure of the United States Government presented by William Paterson at the Constitutional Convention on June 15, 1787.