Research Infographic

A guide to proper research- Storm Reif

How to Gather Relevant Information (Print or Digital).

To find relevant and accurate information, you must find a good source. Databases are a great way to find relevant information because they include information exclusively about your topic. Also, remember what question you are trying to answer. If you are trying to find out, say, what is a gyroscope? Don't search for astray topics about gyroscopes such as gyroscopic vehicles or others things of that nature. Some basic websites that you can use for this include,, and

Now, for finding relevant information on print, using Cornell notes will benefit you greatly. It will keep you organized and help you find relevant information. When finding relevant info off of print, try to find treasure words that are relevant to the question that you are trying to answer. Also, make sure that you have a good source to find information off of. By doing this, you can make sure that you are using information that is not out dated or incorrect.

How to Use Keywords Effectively to Find Information.

To effectively find information using keywords, you must remember to not use to many or to get to specific. Also, if you are wishing to find something about a specific topic, you must not be to vague. Say that you are trying to find information about who won the last world series. Some effect key words that you could use in this scenario might include world series and win. But, if you just search world series, you will get thousands and thousands of documents from a database. You must single out the topic you are wishing to research more about out of the millions and quite possibly billions of documents out there. On databases, you can't use whole sentences or entire questions either. Also, make sure that you are not spelling anything wrong. If you do this, then there will be no results for your topic.

How to Decide Whether a Website or Recourse is Credible and Accurate.

So, some things to keep in mind while you are looking for some credible resources include looking to see who the author is. If you can't find out who the author is, you might want to consider this recourse. Also, look out for URL's (com, org, gov, edu, etc.). Depending on the URL, some websites might be extremely biased. Take PETA for example. Say you where looking for information on animal experimentation. PETA is probably not the best website to go to for this topic. Also, look out for sponsors and advertisements on the page. If you run across a website that is loaded with ads and sponsors, you are probably going to get a biased opinion. Also, with all that cluttering it can make it hard to pay attention and hard to find good information. Look to see when the article was posted. If it is an older article, then it may contain false or outdated information.

The Difference Between Paraphrasing, Quoting, and Summarizing.

Although these things are not drastically different from each other, they are still useful in there own manner and it is important not to confuse one with another. "Paraphrasing is restating the idea in your own words. It can be about the same length or even longer than the original passage." "Summarizing is restating only the main points of the passage in your own words. It is very brief." "Quoting is using the exact words of the author of the passage. It gives the author credit for those words." As you can see, I quoted here. I did not restate the main ideas or the main points of the passage. It is good to know when to use these properly so that your work looks professional, not plagiarized, and will be respected among your peers.
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What is Plagiarism and How to Avoid It.

"Plagiarism is the act of presenting the words, ideas, images, sounds, or the creative expressions of others as your own." There are two types of plagiarism. Intentional and unintentional. Unintentional is when you may have insufficient paraphrasing or in proper summarizing. Intentional is knowingly copying someone else work without there consent or proper citing. There are many terrible punishments if you get caught doing this. In minor cases, you could get an F on the assessment. But, in normal circumstances, you could get expelled. Avoiding plagiarism is quite easy to be honest. To avoid, cite your sources properly and try to avoid putting assignments off to the last minute. If you put your assignment off to the last minute, then you may have a temptation to take the easy way out and just copy someone's work.

What MLA Citation Is.

MLA Citation is a widely used form of citing sources to avoid plagiarism. It shows correct ownership of the idea. (MLA means modern language association.)

In-Text Citations- This is when you cite sources inside of your papers. You must put them in quotes. Anything that you cite in the middle of your paper must be included at the end of your paper in your works cited paper. This is a proper example of an In-Text Citation Ex. ....."Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263)."......

Works Cited Page- This page is most commonly located at the end of a paper. This paper shows all of your sources that you have used in proper MLA format. This paper should include all of the sources that you have used inside of your paper and outside of your paper. You should label the page that you are using for this Works Cited to not confuse the reader.