Snowy Owls: A Bird From the Arctic

By: Roberta Kane

Basic Needs

  • Air: breathe with lungs
  • Food: mammals: small rodents to large hares; birds: small songbirds to geese and lemmings
  • Water: gets water from the food they eat
  • Shelter: nests are built on the ground

Interesting Facts

  1. Snowy Owls swallow their food whole.
  2. They are dependent on the lemming population. When lemmings are scarce, so are snowy owls.
  3. They are one of the largest species of owls in North America.
  4. Snowy Owls build their nests on the ground. They will pretend they are hurt to lure predators away from their nests.
  5. Snowy Owls are diurnal. They hunt both in the daytime and at night.

Habitat: tundra, meadows, marshes and dunes,

The dark orange area is where the snowy owl lives. They spend the summers in the arctic and they fly south for the winter to southern Canada and the northern part of the United States.
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Survival in the Arctic

Snowy Owls can survive in the arctic because they have:

  • thick feathers
  • feathers on their legs and toes
  • strong feet and their claws are curved
  • sharp claws to catch and hold on to prey
  • very good eye sight
  • knowledge to fly south when they run out of food


Snowy Owls as predators: Snowy Owls eat small rodents to large hares; small song birds to geese. Favorite food is lemmings, a small gerbil-like rodent, which eats plants, twigs, and bulbs. An adult Snowy Owl may eat three to five lemmings a day.

Snowy Owls as prey: The animals that eat and hunt Snowy Owls are falcons, foxes, wolves and dogs. One of the greatest threats to snowy owls is humans who hunt them for food and trophies.

Snowy Owl Hooting

My 3-d models of a SNOWY OWL

I chose the snowy owl because I think they are pretty. I love how fluffy the babies are. Snowy Owls are very strong and powerful.


2-2: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the needs and characteristics of animals as they interact in their own distinct environments. (Life Science)

2-2.1 Recall the basic needs of animals (including air, water, food, and shelter) for energy, growth, and protection.

2-2.2 Classify animals (including mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and insects) according to their physical characteristics.

2-2.3 Explain how distinct environments throughout the world support the life of different types of animals.

2-2.4 Summarize the interdependence between animals and plants as sources of food and shelter.