got compost?

By Nihil N. & Shepard S.

Why should we compost?

Compost has many benefits such as:

  • supplying your garden with essential nutrients
  • giving a purpose to pesky weeds in your garden
  • helping reduce waste, chemicals such as leachate, & gases such as methane (CH4) in landfills
  • improving the health of your garden's entire ecosystem

How do I compost?


  1. Obtain a composting bin.
  2. Insert composting materials such such as fruits, veggies, grass clippings, weeds, coffee grounds, and other kitchen/food scraps except for meat and bones. These are categorized as greens, and you can also add browns such as dead leaves, saw dust, pine cones, twigs, and straw.
  3. Add some water. You are looking for the consistency of a moist sponge. It is important to add water because water speeds up the decomposition process.
  4. Then, give your container a stir.
  5. Let your compost decompose for 1 month, stirring every day and adding water to keep your compost heap at that wet-sponge consistency.
  6. Congratulations!! You made nutrient rich compost!

What is the product of composting?

Composting creates a brown, dirt-like fertilizer that is rich in nutrients.

What should I avoid in the compost heap?

You can compost most food and plant debris. These are the things you should avoid:


  • milk cartons, napkins & other paper products
  • plastic
  • silverware
  • meat & bones
  • butter, oils, & fats
  • fruit stickers
  • metal (obviously)

What do decomposers do to help a compost heap?

Decomposers, such as worms, bacteria, and fungi, break up the dead plant matter in a compost heap to give themselves energy. In doing so, they fertilize the soil and your compost heap, thus putting energy back into the food chain.

Does compost go through a temperature change as it decomposes?

The inside of a compost heap will get as hot as 140 degrees Farenheit after a few days of decomposition. The compost is ready to use when the inside is not hot anymore.

Fun Facts

  1. Leachate is a poisonous chemical produced when the waste materials in a landfill react with each other. It can seep into ground water and poison it.
  2. Methane is a greenhouse gas produced when food and other materials rot in landfills. Like other greenhouse gases, it traps the Sun's heat and contributes to global climate warming.
  3. Compost shrinks when it decomposes.
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In Conclusion, Compost is Amazing for the Earth