By Nihil N. & Shepard S.
Why should we compost?
Compost has many benefits such as:
- supplying your garden with essential nutrients
- giving a purpose to pesky weeds in your garden
- helping reduce waste, chemicals such as leachate, & gases such as methane (CH4) in landfills
- improving the health of your garden's entire ecosystem
How do I compost?
- Obtain a composting bin.
- Insert composting materials such such as fruits, veggies, grass clippings, weeds, coffee grounds, and other kitchen/food scraps except for meat and bones. These are categorized as greens, and you can also add browns such as dead leaves, saw dust, pine cones, twigs, and straw.
- Add some water. You are looking for the consistency of a moist sponge. It is important to add water because water speeds up the decomposition process.
- Then, give your container a stir.
- Let your compost decompose for 1 month, stirring every day and adding water to keep your compost heap at that wet-sponge consistency.
- Congratulations!! You made nutrient rich compost!
What should I avoid in the compost heap?
You can compost most food and plant debris. These are the things you should avoid:
- milk cartons, napkins & other paper products
- meat & bones
- butter, oils, & fats
- fruit stickers
- metal (obviously)
Does compost go through a temperature change as it decomposes?
The inside of a compost heap will get as hot as 140 degrees Farenheit after a few days of decomposition. The compost is ready to use when the inside is not hot anymore.
- Leachate is a poisonous chemical produced when the waste materials in a landfill react with each other. It can seep into ground water and poison it.
- Methane is a greenhouse gas produced when food and other materials rot in landfills. Like other greenhouse gases, it traps the Sun's heat and contributes to global climate warming.
- Compost shrinks when it decomposes.