Translation- Icelandic to English
Body Image/ líkamsmynd
a) Body Image
Our physical image evolves both by our personal habits and character so as physical structure and the environment factor and most of all, beauty standards and communication with others. Physical image has also different effects on people’s feelings and identity. Women mostly have less physical image, then men, even though there is a personality difference between each and every one. This is thought to be because of the massive pressure that most women feel about themselves, being slim and good looking.
Research shows that most young girls are very unsatisfied with some parts of their body and many have tried diet to get more fit. Unsatisfaction with the female body growth is even in fact so common that it is often thought to be a normal part of every woman's life. Indeed, everybody should have the right to be happy to live in their own body. It is necessary for us to admit that we are in fact not all the same. It is as absurd to think that everybody should be fit and strong or tall with freckles. People are different. But unfortunately there is a strong judgement in every society that says that only those who have the proper body growth can be considered beautiful or healthy. Of course, this is nothing but prejudice and it is important that we are aware of what is happening in our society, and try to stop bullying because of the physical body growth or prevent them.
Hugtakið „líkamsmynd“ vísar til þess hvernig við upplifum líkama okkar og hvaða viðhorf við höfum til hans. Líkamsmyndin mótast bæði af persónulegum þáttum, svo sem skapgerð og líkamlegri uppbyggingu, og umhverfisþáttum, svo sem ríkjandi fegurðarstöðlum og samskiptum okkar við aðra. Líkamsmyndin hefur mismikil áhrif á sjálfsmynd og líðan fólks. Konur hafa almennt verri líkamsmynd en karlmenn, þótt auðvitað sé einstaklingsmunur á því. Þetta er talið stafa af þeim mikla þrýstingi sem ríkir í garð kvenna um að vera grannar og líta vel út.
Rannsóknir sýna að flestar ungar konur eru óánægðar með að minnsta kosti einhvern hluta líkama síns og margar hafa reynt megrun til að grennast. Óánægja með líkamsvöxt er reyndar svo algeng meðal kvenna að oft er talað um hún sé eðlilegur hluti af lífi þeirra. Allir eiga rétt á því að lifa hamingjusömu lífi í eigin líkama. Það er nauðsynlegt fyrir okkur að viðurkenna þá staðreynd að við erum öll mismunandi og það er jafn fáránlegt að gera þá kröfu að allir séu grannir eða vöðvastæltir eins og að krefjast þess að allir séu hávaxnir eða með freknur. Fólk er mismunandi. En því miður ríkja þau viðhorf í samfélaginu að aðeins þeir sem hafa rétta líkamsvöxtinn geta talist fallegir eða heilbrigðir. Þetta eru auðvitað ekkert annað en fordómar og mikilvægt að við þekkjum þá sem slíka.
c) Why I chose this text
I chose this text because I think that fashion is not only about clothes and design but also about who you are and how you look at your self. Your body image is almost the most important thing for your self-esteem, if you think you look good and you are proud of how you look, than I personally think that it doesn’t matter what others think. The most important thing is how you look at your self.
Translation- English to Icelandic
Tíska er í víðasta skilningi ákveðinn stíll sem er vinsæll í nokkra mánuði eða ár. Tíska er ekki aðeins töluð um í fötum, tíska getur birst í bílum, húsgögnum, innanhússhönnun sem og í tónlist, bókmenntum og myndlist. Hinsvegar á tíska oftast við stíl á fötum sem er gefinn ákveðinn tíma þangað til hann breytist. Til dæmis breyttist stíll kvenna reglulega á árunum 1800. En á einum tíma voru konur í mittisháum kjólum, gríðarlega stórum‘’púffuðum’’ ermum, útvíðum pilsum og í stórum ‘’hoop’’ pilsum (pils sem eru með púða undir pilsinu).
Þó að tíska vísar venjulega í það hverju við klæðumst, þýðir það ekki endilega það sama og föt. Fólk hefur klæðst fötum alveg síðan 20,000 f. Kr., en hinsvegar hefur fólk ekki hugsað um tísku fyrr en á síðri miðöldum (1300-1500). Áður klæddist fólk fötum sem endurspegluðu siðvenjur þeirra og samfélag, en þá breyttist fatnaður mjög hægt. En á síðustu áratugum hefur tíska breyst mjög hratt af ýmsum sögulegum, sálfræðilegum og félagslegum ástæðum. Stíll á fötum verður mögulega lýst sem tíska en stíll á fötum sem er á hverju tímabili breytist í búninga ef þeim er leyft að fara niður með kynslóð af kynslóð. Sá stíll sem kemur fljótt og fer fljótt er þar af leiðandi kölluð tíska.
Fashion, in its broadest sense, is a particular style that is popular for a few months or years. We speak of fashions in automobiles, furniture, or interior design, as well as in music, literature, and art. But most commonly, fashion refers to a style of clothing that is worn at a given time but is expected to change. For example, women’s fashions changed frequently during the 1800′s. At various times, women wore high-waisted dresses, enormous puff-sleeves, big hoop skirts, and bustles (cushions that padded the seat of a skirt). Often, fashions in several areas are linked, giving rise to a period style. The music, dance, and clothing of the 1960′s are an example of a period style.
Although fashion usually refers to dress, it does not mean the same thing as clothing. People have worn clothing since at least 20,000 B.C., but people have only been concerned with fashion since the late Middle Ages (A.D. 1300-1500). Before then, people wore clothes that reflected the long-standing customs of their communities, and clothing styles changed extremely slowly. Fashion, however, causes styles to change rapidly for a variety of historical, psychological, and sociological reasons. A clothing style may be introduced as a fashion, but the style becomes a custom if it is handed down from generation to generation. A fashion that quickly comes and goes is called a fad.
c) Why I chose this text
I chose this text because it describe fashion very well and it also shows how fashion is, not only about clothes, skinny models and fashion shows, it is a about so much more.
Margrét Lea Bachmann Haraldsdóttir
I chose her because she is very in to fashion and she has taken course in stylizing in Fashion Academy Reykjavík. I also know that she want to become something retaliated to fashion in the future and I was curious what she is going to do to make her dream come true.
- When and why did you become so interested in fashion?
- Why did you chose to take this course?
- What would you like to to in the future that is related to fashion?
- How would you let that dream come true?
- What would you like to change in the fashion industry if you could? And why?
Margrét became interested in fashion when she was about 16 years old. It happened mainly after she lost some weight and could fit in all the clothes she liked, after that she hasn’t stopped shopping. She began to look at fashion magazines and noticed all the nice clothes that the famous people where in. In 2014 she went to Fashion Academy Reykjavík to learn how to be a stylist and that tough her a lot and with that course she was more interested to learn more.
She told me that she wasn’t 100% sure what she wanted to be in the future but it would definitely be something that is related to fashion. She want to go to some fashion schools that are not in Iceland where she can go out of her box and do something that she isn’t use to do. But so that dream will come true she is going to work on a lot of small assignment hear in Iceland that is related to her styling skills. She is also going to work a lot so she can earn money for the school
I asked her what she would like to change in the fashion industry if she could and why would she change that, her answer was simple: ‘’the fashion stereotype’’, she don’t like that people are comparing them self to the front page models that are photo shopped and make us think that it is okey to be in size 0.
Summaries from Ted.com
Looks aren’t everything. Believe me, I’m a model
a) The video
Cameron Russel, model for 10 years describes how powerful and superficial people image can be. She says that being a model doesn’t mean that she is happy like some people think models are. Models don’t choose how they look, there are people that make the look like what they want them too look like and the models cant say anything. Some models are very insecure about them self and some of them are very shy. She also talk about that she doesn’t like being that skinny model that a lot of little girls want to be.
c) Why I chose this video
I chose this video because I thought the head title was very interesting and I wanted to know how the models think about this, they are first of all, all about their look.
Why thinking you're ugly is bad for you
a) The video
The main point on this speech that we have to change how we look at our self and start making changes. She speaks about how young healthy teenager are under pressure to look good and how bad it is that they are always thinking about getting likes on facebook and instagram. Wee have to make changes to this because it reflect on who we are because we are always thinking about looking good but not being nice person and have a nice heart. If we are always thinking about this than we are in more risk about depression, cosmetic surgery and self harm. We have to start looking on people what they do but not what they look like.
c) Why I chose this video
I chose this video because that I found it interesting to know why and how much people think about their looks but not about who they are as a person.
Your body language shapes who you are
Speaks how important our body language is, it can for example, effect our job interview and effect people what they think about others. She also speaks about what some body shapes means and when and why we juse them. She also connect body shapes that animals do to the human body shapes. Can you fake it until you make it? Yes you can, we smile when we are happy but also if we want to be nice, but deep in side we feel horrible. Our mind change our bodies but it is true that our mind change our bodies. Yes it can, for example, it helps being powerful by faking that we are powerful and also if we think that we are amazing and act like that, than it is more likely that out selves and other people think the same.
c) Why I chose this video
I chose this video because I found it very interesting and I wanted to learn more about how our body language shapes us and tells others who we are.