Real Turning Point
The whites went about the prevention of equality very harshly; they beat and murdered many innocent African Americans. Lynching seemed to be as common as a trip to the grocery store. Whites were very violent and relentless. For example, in September of 1963, a bomb exploded in a black church, and four innocent little girls' lives were taken. Though not always innocent, African Americans had a more civil way of getting what they wanted.
African Americans followed a set of rules that was brought upon by Henry David Thoreau. They called these "Civil Disobedience," a way of letting the government know what they wanted without breaking real laws. The main rules were centered around the idea of following a higher power, or resisting laws peacefully. Many blacks were shot, hanged, even sprayed with fire hoses, all while carrying out their beliefs peacefully.
One of the most famous examples is the Montgomery Bus Boycott. African Americans decided to stop riding buses altogether, to show that they wanted to be able to sit where they want. Of course though, the whites got mad about that, too. Some blacks would walk up to 15 miles each way.
A march demanding equal pay between whites and blacks.
Philip Randolph marching amongst other black teachers.
Sanitation workers gather in front of the Clayborn Temple for a march. (Memphis, Tennessee, March 28,1968).
WE'LL CALL THE NAACP
This was also the group of individuals that helped fight the Brown vs. Board of Education case.
Another large attack that occurred, was on May 14; about 200 people gathered around the bus that the Freedom Riders were on, and blew their tires and threw a bomb onto the bus. Although the group escaped the bomb, they were beaten as soon as they got off the bus. Another part of the group had traveled to Alabama that same day and were also beaten viciously. The Birmingham Safety Commissioner knew about the planned attack, but sent no police officers because it was Mother's Day.