Bill of rights
Tabish Arshi, US History, period 7
What Are The Bill of Rights
It protects the rights of all citizens in the United States wealthy or poor.
Amendement 1: Freedom of speech, the press, and religion
That bill means that you can choose what religion you want , complain about the government without being stopped, and print in the press whatever you want before you stop.
Court Case: Charles T. Schenck v. U.S.
The person Charles T. Schenck had a complaint about the military when they challenged him and he was proven guilty, but then he was proven right and they made a law about him.
Amendment 2: The Right to Bear Arms
You can own weapons and protect yourself and you can serve as a soldier if you are a citizen (ex: militia).
Court Case: District of Columbia v.Heller
The Supreme Court had to step in when a guy wanted a gun. 5/9 said yes but 4/9 said no. The more judges said yes so he got to keep a gun.
Amendment 3: Privacy in the home
A soldier cannot stay in your house without the owners permission. Also he cannot eat all of the house owners food.
Court Case: Nevada Man
A man filed a law suit saying his third amendment was violated, because police officers used his house to spy his neighbors. The law suit didn't work because police officers aren't considered soldiers.
Amendment 4: Unreasonable Search and Seizures
The police cannot search our house of anything against your permission and if they want to they have to get a search warrant.
Court Case: Boyd v. United States.
E.A. Boyd had business to give glass to the company's in Philadelphia by the permission of the government. They thought he wasn't paying tax for the glass, and took him to trial. He said that they did searches and seizures and they had to retrial.
Amendment 5: Double Jeopardy, Self Incrimination, and Due Process of law
For a capital crime the grand jury decides if your guilty and the government can't take anything from you and if they do they have to pay for it.
Court Case: Berguis v. Tompkins
The suspect was mirandized by the police in an interrogation and gave short answers. The suspect was released because he thought his rights were being violated.
Amendment 6: The Rights of the Accused in Criminal Cases
You have the right to a fair trial ASAP. The judge has to tell the person exactly what he's accused of.
Court Case: Barker v. Wingo
Barker was convicted of murder in 1958, but didn't have a trail until 1963. He was found guilty,but
Amendment 7: The right to jury a trail
A jury settles cases involving a lot of money, and it cannot be brought back up in another court
Court Case: Feltner v. Columbia Picture Television Inc.
Elvin Feltner was charged for copyright, but was not given the right of the jury trail because of fake things found with him. Then he was found guilty
Amendment 8: Preventing cruel and unusual punishment
Your punishment should fit the crime and you shouldn't have to pay too much for bail.
Court Case: Francis v. Resweber
Wille Francis was sentenced to death by electric chair but then was sentenced again because the first one didn't work. Due to the first one malfunctioned.
Amendment 9: Rights Retained by the people
You have more rights and their are more rights the government can't take away.
court Case: Ashwander v. Tennessee Valley Authority
They were going to build dams where people used to live. Then they had to decide if it was constitutional because people were complaining.
Amendment 10: Limiting Federal Powers
If the constitution says nothing and the it says that the states can't do that. Then the states have the power to
Court Case: McCulloch v. Maryland
The government wanted to build a National Bank in Maryland. Than the people thought they were violating their rights, and they couldn't build the bank.