rabies virus


An acute, central nervous system infection, characterized by CNS irritation, followed by paralysis and death. Rabies, a member of the Rhabdovirus family, is caused by the virus Neurotropic lyssavirus. It is a single-stranded, neurotropic, negative-sense RNA virus which encodes 5 proteins: a glycoprotein, a nucleoprotein, and three others. The mature virus has a bullet shape, a protein coat, and a lipid envelope. The outer surface of the virus is covered with thumblike glycoprotein projections 5-10 nm long and 3 nm in diameter. The virus averages approximately 780 nm in length.

how the virus spreads

The virus is spread through the saliva of infected animals. Infected animals can spread the virus by biting another animal or a person. In rare cases, rabies can be spread when infected saliva gets into an open wound or the mucous membranes, such as the mouth or eyes. This could occur if an infected animal were to lick an open cut on your skin.

most common victims

children are most at risk of rabies

where is it to be found

Any mammal can spread rabies but most of the time, rabies is spread by wild animals. In the United States, rabies is most often transmitted via the saliva of bats, coyotes, foxes, raccoons, and skunks. In the developing world, stray dogs are the most likely animal to transmit rabies. The virus has also been found in cows, cats, ferrets, and horses.

Rabies is a vaccine-preventable viral disease which occurs in more than 150 countries and territories. Infection causes tens of thousands of deaths every year, mostly in Asia and Africa. 40% of people who are bitten by suspect rabid animals are children under 15 years of age.

most common injury done to victim

a bite by a vicious animal

armed or dangerous? degree of damaged caused

dangerous, each year, about 30,000 to 50,000 people in the world die of rabies. These deaths occur because people did not get vaccinations after being bitten by a rabid animal.

Most effective weapons against rabies