Vietnam

By: Lauren, Emily, and Erin

Government

Vietnam’s government is a communist state, the capital city is Hanoi. They have 58 provinces, and they declared independence from France on September 2, 1945.

Land

In the long and skinny country, Vietnam, the Red and Mekong rivers deposit rich nutrients into the soil, forming deltas. The two main deltas are separated by mountains and large plains. The Mekong river splits into 9 branches as it makes its way toward the ocean. Fan Si Pan, the tallest mountain in Vietnam, is located in the Northwest.

Language

The most common language, Vietnamese, is a monosyllabic and tonal language. Every syllable is a word and you can join up to four syllables together to create a new word. There can also be up to 6 meanings for a word.

Culture Trait: Food

Most people eat rice with nuoc mam, fermented fish sauce. Noodles are also very popular. Usually, people eat a bowl of rice or noodles, along with many side dishes, such as vegetables. The Vietnamese also eat seafood because they border the sea. Spring rolls are also a popular snack.

Culture Trait: Holidays

The most important holiday in Vietnam is Tet Nguyen Dan ( Lunar New Year). Before this holiday, people often clean their houses, pay off debts, visit ancestors’ graves, and buy flowers. They have a big feast on the day of the holiday. They decorate their houses with peach blossoms, these are thought to scare off evil spirits. Red banners and lights decorate the streets, children also receive money in red envelopes.

Economy

They have a developing planned economy and market economy. Since the mid-1980s, through the Đổi Mới reform period, Vietnam has made a shift from a highly centralized planned economy to a socialist-oriented market economy which use both directive and future planning.

Climate

Tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)

Religion

They are 9.3% Buddhism, 6.7& Catholic, 1.5% Hoa Hao (a type of Buddhism), 1.1% Cao Dai (New religion founded by Vietnam), 0.5% Protestant, 0.1% Muslim, and 80.8% No Religion


Culture Trait: Games and Sports

Soccer and Volleyball are favorite sports, but badminton and table tennis are also popular. Many kids also play a kind of freeze game, called choi do, at night while their parents visit each other. Kids in rural (countryside) areas have less time and fewer toys to play with than city kids. Instead, they like hide-and-seek and dodgeball, and they make their own toys and games out of anything that’s handy.

Culture Trait: Schools

Kids go to school six days a week because Vietnamese feel a good education is very important. Many will also go to private tutoring

Neighbors

Neighboring countries and bodies of water

Cambodia, Thailand, China, Laos, South China Sea, and Gulf of Thailand

GDP

In 2013 the GDP per capita was $4000

Literacy Rate

male- 95.4%

female- 91.4%

Infant Mortality Rate

18.99 deaths per 1,000 live births


Fun Facts

  • They strongly honor their ancestors and often pray to them for support and good luck.

  • Vietnam shares a border with China to the North

  • There are over 92 million people living in Vietnam

  • The Vietnamese worship a number of cultural symbols, such as the Vietnamese dragon (mythical holy dragon), the lac (mythical holy bird), the turtle and the horse.

  • Vietnam is the largest exporter of cashews in the world, and the second largest exporter of rice.

  • An estimated ten million motor bikes travel on the roads of Vietnam everyday.

  • Ruou ran (snake wine), a Vietnamese specialty of rice wine with a pickled snake inside, allegedly can cure any sickness.

  • They like to keep potbelly pigs as pets.