The Criminal Justice System

Dumbed Down

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1.) Crime Is Commited

  • Something illegal happens
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2.) Arrest/Citation

  • Person placed under arrest
  • Rights read to person
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3.) 1st Appearances

  • Initial appearance in front of a judge
  • Bail determined
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4.) (If Bail is posted) Freedom

  • Client is released until date of trial
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4.) (If Bail isn't posted)

  • Accused is held in jail until date of court appearance
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5.) Court hearing

  • decide if enough evidence is present
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6.) (Not enough Evidence) Freedom

  • Accused is released
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6.) (enough evidence for a charge) Arraignment

  • Formal charges documented
  • plea given
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7.) (guilty plea) Sentence served

  • Accused convicted and sentenced
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7 ( innocent plea) Prep

  • Defense and Prosecution prepare for the trial
  • Witnesses contacted, evidence gathered
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8. (change in plea)

  • Accused convicted and sentenced
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8. (no change) Trial

  • accused tried by jury in criminal court
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9.(Verdict: not guilty) Freedom

  • Accused released
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10.) Appeal (optional)

  • Convicted appeals to an appellate court to review case
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11.) (accepted) Redo

  • Retrial/overturned conviction
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11.) (rejection) SOL

  • Convicted serves their sentence