Federal Court System

Who, What, When, Where, Why & How

WHO?

A US Marshall is the person who makes arrests, collect bonds, and takes convicted people to prison. To be a Marshall you must be 21-36, have a bachelors degree, a few other requirements, and be in very good physical condition.

A US Attorney is a government lawyer who prosecutes those accused of breaking a federal law.

A Magistrate Judge decides whether accused people should be held in the jail or released with a bail. They hear a bit of opening evidence and then make their decision.

Life Terms basically means a person has the job as long as one wants, and does not mean one has to stay until they die. Supreme Court judges are the only ones with life terms, unless they are impeached.

WHAT?

A system of courts to deal with civilian and federal offenses of many kinds.

District Courts are federal courts where trials are held and law suits are begun. There are 94 District Courts with at least one in each state.

Court of Appeals review decisions made in lower district courts. If found guilty in a state court, the defendants lawyer may request a repeal. Judges may uphold, reverse or remand the case. Upholding the case is to agree with the state, reversing is exactly what it sounds like, and reverses the states decision, and to remand the case sends it back to the state to be revised.

WHEN?

Average court hours are 8:30am to 4:30pm.

WHERE?

In a courthouse, of course!

WHY?

Because the U.S. believes people have the right to trial, so that they are not punished unjustly or punished for a crime they did not commit.

HOW?

Through things such as the following:

A precedent is the knowledge of how a previous court case has been treated and using that knowledge to decide upon the verdict of another.

An opinion is the belief of one person or a group of people that is typically opposed by another person's or group's belief.

A remand sends a case back from the Court of Appeals to the state court to be revised and put back through the court again.

A circuit court is a court that moves locations and times based off of the judge's decision.

Appellate Jurisdiction is the ability of a court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts

Original Jurisdiction is a court's power to hear and decide a case prior to any appellate review.