Marcus Garvey

By Jeff Lembo

Marcus Garvey (August 17, 1887 - June 10, 1940)


  • Started a Back-to-Africa movement in the United States during the Harlem Renaissance (1920's-1930's)
  • Thought that blacks would receive more justice in Africa, and wanted them to move back there
  • Had 2 million followers
  • He was important because he convinced many people to leave racism in the U.S. and go back to Africa, where they would have more justice
  • Founded Universal Negro Improvement Association

Deeper Thinking

  • He convinced many people to leave the United States and go back to Africa where their ancestors once lived, where they would have more justice
  • If Garvey was never alive, the concept of a Back-to-Africa movement would not exist, and that would be one less option for African-Americans
  • This person affected me because I got to learn about the Back-to-Africa movement and the Harlem Renaissance in during the Roaring 20's

MLA Citations

  • Pratt, Robert A. "Garvey, Marcus" World Book Student. World Book, 2015. Web. 17 Mar. 2015
  • "Marcus Garvey" Contemporary Black Biography. Vol. 1. Detroit: GALE, 1992. Biography in Context. Web. 17 Mar. 2015.
  • McGuire, William, and Leslie Wheeler. "Marcus Garvey" American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 17 Mar. 2015
Marcus Garvey - Mini Biography