The Second Great Awakening

Joey S, Maddy S, Rebecca K, Matthew T, Jesse B

Overview

The Second Great Awakening started after the American Revolution. The Founding fathers showed their opposition to the integration of religion and government by establishing the separation of church and state in the first amendment of the constitution. Because of the separation of political leaders and religion, it sparked a series of religious revivals in the United States. It went from the 1790s to the 1830s. The Second Great Awakening was marked by an emphasis on religious obligations over schooling and theology. This awakening is also known for denying the popular idea of rationalism. In northern New England the Second Great Awakening was known for social activism; in western New York, the movement encouraged the growth of new denominations. In the Appalachian region of Tennessee and Kentucky, the revival energized Presbyterians, Methodists and Baptists, and caused the popular camp meeting, which was a chance for isolated frontier farmers and people to gather for the evangelistic fervor. The revivals of the West were much more emotional than those in the East.

Imporatant People

Jonathan Edwards

Jonathan Edwards was a theologian, Edwards thought that people had strayed away from God and cared more about worldly matters, “In this period, Edwards became very well known as a revivalist preacher who subscribed to an experiential interpretation of Reformed theology that emphasized the sovereignty of God, the depravity of humankind, the reality of hell, and the necessity of a "New Birth" conversion.”(Jonathan Edwards Center)

George Whitefield

He was a great preacher who had recently been an alehouse attendant. Everyone in the colonies loved to hear him preach of love and forgiveness because he had a different style of preaching. This led to new missionary work in the Americas in converting Indians and Africans to Christianity, as well as lessening the importance of the old clergy.

Reverend Charles Grandison Finney

Has a place of honor in the Billy Graham Center. Was best known as an innovative revivalist during the period 1825–1835 in upstate New York and Manhattan, an opponent of Old School Presbyterian theology, an advocate of Christian perfectionism, and a religious writer.

Connections

Rationalism is what connects our current time period with the Antebellum is rationalism. In the Antebellum period, rationalism was rejected and see as a sinful act since it relied on Man’s reasoning rather than God’s. In our time, rationalism is what leads us down the path of advancement. Rationalism identifies reason as the source and test of knowledge which shows exactly how the leaders of our society think and act.

Citations

"Religious Transformation and the Second Great Awakening." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

"Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University." Jonathan Edwards: Biography. Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

"The Legacy of Charles Finney." Modern Reformation. White Horse Inn, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

"Charles Grandison Finney." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.

"The Second Great Awakening." The Second Great Awakening. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2015.