Song Dynasty (960 - 1279 CE)

By Hannah and Lizzy

Inventions of the Song Dynasty

There was many inventions during the Song Dynasty. The inventions ranged from Chinese Opera to guns, cannons, and even explosives. During this dynasty, the Chinese were very scientifically and technology advanced. They created the magnetic compass which improved many elements of trade and travel. People could travel in the direction they wanted to, making it easier to reach their destination safely. This made travel and trade run much smoother. Another invention they created was paper made from trees. This made it easier to write and communicate. During the Song Dynasty, the Chinese made many advanced inventions that improved China and helped the region grow.
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This is the Magnetic compass that was invented during the Song Dynasty.

Trade

Trade was very important during the Song Dynasty. It let people receive and buy things that they couldn't get in China. People set up markets that sold imported goods from different countries. This encouraged trade and also helped people with business. Some of the commonly traded items were tea, silk, copper coins, paper, spices, porcelain, grain, jewelry , and much more. All of these items flowed North, to China. During the Song Dynasty, China mostly traded with Africa, Korea, Japan, and other land in the South. Trade occurred very often during the Song dynasty and was very important.
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This was where most of the goods were imported to.

Buildings & Structures during the Song Dynasty

Many of the buildings and structures were built around religion. The capital Kaifeng was surrounded by beuatiful temples, pagodas, and palaces. This capital was later burned down in 1126 CE. The main religions during the Song Dynasty were Confucianism and Buddhism. Many temples and pagodas were built to represent these religions. China was known for having very tall buildings/structures. They also had roofs that curved upwards. These new features on buildings were very common during the Song Dynasty.
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This was a very common building during the Song Dynasty. This religious building is called a pagoda.

Economy

During the Song Dynasty, the economic system flourished. Many elements of China advanced and were improved. Government leaders were chosen by ability, rather then wealth. This insured that the government leaders were very reliable and made decisions that would benefit the citizens of China. Other things improved as well such as, agriculture, iron-working, and printing. Throughout the Song Dynasty, education and art was greatly encouraged. These advances and changes made a positive impact on China's culture and economy.
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This was a piece of artwork made during the Song Dynasty. Art was very encouraged throughout the Dynasty.

Important Products During the Song Dynasty

Many new and improved items were used throughout the Song Dynasty. For example, drinking tea and eating rice was very common. Paper was also frequently used throughout the song Dynasty. The Chinese were the ones who invented paper from trees. The major art related product used was clay which was used in order to make pottery. The two string fiddle was the main musical instrument used during the Song Dynasty. These were the major products used during the Song Dynasty.

Politics

Sung T’ai Tsu rose to power at the end of the Tang dynasty and was the first ruler of the Song dynasty. The Jin, the rulers of the Song dynasty believed that to stay in power you needed a well trained government. They didn’t think they needed a strong military to defend themselves, and stay in power. Eventually that was part of what lead them to the fall of the Song dynasty. It also had to do with the fact that they had too many bills leading to making the poor to suffer, and focusing too much on their own wealth and not using it for more necessary reasons, like maintaining an army.

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This the emperor go the Song Dynasty (Sung T’ai Tsu).

RELIGION/CULTURE/SOCIAL LIFE


During the song dynasty the majority of people were peasant farmers,mainly respected for only the food they made, lead difficult lives. They farmed crops like, most commonly ate, millet and rice. They also had to work for the government about once a year for things like serving the military or working on construction projects. People who lived in the city had more jobs like merchants, craftsmen, or government officials. Also the father was always in charge of the house and you had to respect your elders too. Only wealthy boys went to school no girls or poor boys. Finally They practiced many religions and teaching such as buddhism, daoism, or confucius, along with temples and pagodas. Lastly there was a commonly written language in china and along with that poetry, literature, painting, and instruments.