Ancient Egypt

by Karys Vos

section A: Cultral Expression


The clothes of the Egyptians were made of linen which comes from a plant called flax. but in winter some people wore wool. although fashion changed among the rich most peoples clothes remained much the same throughout the whole period. a man wore a short kilt and a women wore an ankle length tunic with two shoulder straps. as for the children it was very hot for most of the year so they often didn't were clothes at all. most men and women wore their hair short and children often had shaved heads with a single lock of hair. people also painted their eye lids with green or gray paint called kohl

Religion (belief in the afterlife)

the ancient Egyptian book of the dead is a big part of their belief in the afterlife.they believed in magic and the book is actually a collection of magical speeches and prayers that would be used by the person that died. it was designed to help and guide them so they could pass the spiritual tests and enter the afterlife. the Egyptian god Anubis would be waiting with a scale. there was an ostrich feather on one side of the scale and would put the heart of the person on the other side. if the feather weighed more then the heart it provided the person led a good life and was allowed to go to the afterlife.



Isis was linked to many different things. she was mostly related to protection, healing, motherhood, children, and nature. she was seen by the Egyptians as both a protector and mother of Pharaohs.

Family Connections:

Isis is the daughter of Geb. she had two brothers Osiris and Set and a sister named Nephthys. she married her brother Osiris and had a son named horus. Set was jealous and killed Osiris but Isis brought Osiris back to life.


Isis was a member of a group of gods and goddesses called Ennead this group which was worshiped at Heliopolis. an Ancient Egyptian city, was made up of nine original gods and goddesses of Ancient Egypt, they were considered to be the most important gods and goddesses of the civilization.


Porpoise and who got it done:

they mummified people as well as animals the process to create a mummy properly can take up to 70 days. it is not only a physical procedure but the ancient Egyptians also involved their religious beliefs in the right way to create a mummy

The process:

1.the body must be purified and washed.

2.all internal organs were removed however they left the heart in place

3.they filled the body with a kind of stuffing so it looks normal

4.they had to dry the body out so they placed it in a naturally found substance called natron it was sort of like a salt 40-50 days they took the body out and replaced the stuffing with saw dust or linen.

Section B: cultural Expresson

Social Organization of Ancient Egypt

the social structure of ancient Egypt can be sorted into a social pyramid. at the top of the social pyramid was the Pharaoh the government nobles and priests were just below. the third tier consisted of the scribes and solders with the middle class in the forth level

Role of the Pharaoh

there was many cases where the title of the Pharaoh had to be given to the closest male relative only males were so-poised to have the title of Pharaoh. but if the Pharaoh was a young child then the wife of the former Pharaoh would step in as regent and make all the dissensions for him. in one case the women took the title of regent and gave herself the title of Pharaoh.



1508 B.C-she was born

1473 B.C-she became Pharaoh

1458 B.C-she died she rained for 15 years. she served as queen with her husband Thutmose ll but after his death she took the role of Pharaoh


queen Hatshepsut rained for over 20 years along side her husband Thutmose ll but after his death claimed role of Pharaoh while acting as regent to her step son Thutmose lll she reigned peaceably building temples and monuments resulting in the flourish out Egypt

role of the Pyramids

the ancient Egyptians created the pyramids as burial tombs to honour their Pharaohs and since they believe them to be both man and god, they made pyramids in a grand style. its believed that the original burial tombs for the Pharaohs and high ranking officials were flat monuments called mastabas

The great Pyramid of giza

the great pyramid of giza was built for the forth dynasty Pharaoh Khufu and was completed around 2560 B.C it is part of a complex of 3 large pyramids in Giza necropolis located in modern Cairo, Egypt. the great pyramid is the largest of the three pyramids and is part of its own smaller complex that contain 3 small pyramids that were built for Khufus wife's. it also took 20 years to complete

section C: central question

what made the Ancient Egyptian Culture unique?

can you imagine a place where Pharaoh ruled your life and gods ruled your after life. in Egypt this is what happened. their religion daily life and social organization is what i believe make the Ancient Egypt a unique civilization. they believed that once a person died they had to be mummified then that person would go to the after life where a god must allow them in. Their daily life was not all that easy. the mothers took care of the children and the house, sons learned from there fathers trade and daughters learned the skills of running a household. as well as social organization was sorted into a social pyramid. at the top was the Pharaohs and gods then government then nobles and persists and so on, this is why i think Egyptian culture is unique.


a book called:

ancient Egypt

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