Jackson's Spoil System
Who Was Andrew Jackson?
Andrew Jackson was the seventh president in the U.S. from 1829 to 1837. He won the popular vote, but no canidate won the majority vote. Andrew Jackson was voted in by the House of Representatives. He was the leader of the new Democratic Party. He was a Tennessee lawyer and he was a major general in the war of 1812. His wife died shortly after he became elected. His election marked a turning point in American politics between the east and west. His supporters turned into two separate political parties. His nickname was King Andrew. He fired almost ten percent of the federal employees and hired his friends as his primary advisers. He also enforced the Indian Removal Act. In 1835, the Cherokees signed a treaty giving up their land for west of Arkansas. Their journey became known as the Trail of Tears. In 1836, Martin Van Buren beat Jackson in the Presidential Election. Jacksonians were the names given to peopel who followed and supported Jackson.
Jackson's Attack on the National Bank
Jackson saw the Bank of the United States as a monster. Jackson did not agree with the way the bank operated. In 1832 after a new charter was created, Jackson decided he wanted to kill the bank forever. Jackson removed all government money from the National Bank and put the money into state banks (pet banks). Because of this, the National Banks were destroyed.
Andrew Jackson's Presidency
The downfall of the National Bank.
Andrew Jackson On $20 Bill
Andrew Jackson was nicknamed Old Hickory because he was a determined and stood by his men through pain and suffering.
Andrew Jackson's Spoil System
The Spoil System was the firing of federal employees, and the hiring of friends to take their place. This was done by Andrew Jackson when he became president. It started in 1829 as was an attempt for improving federal government. He felt that the current federal employees would not agree with the decisions and changes he wanted to make, so he decided to fire almost 10% of the federal employees. Many people did not agree with Jackson's Spoil System. During his first year of presidency, he fired almost 700 government officers. Rumors started that the firing of these official affected the economy greatly.
Trail of Tears
The Trail of Tears was a result of the Indian Removal Act. The Trail of Tears occurred from 1838 to 1839.