by: Kevin Yang

Cause and Transmittion

The disease is caused by parasites, many species of Malaria parasites and is often transmitted by mosquitos by sting people.

Organ/Organ Systems Affected

The disease mainly affects the nervous system and the digestive system based on the symptoms. the disease also affects your muscle and skin.


The disease causes anemia, bloody stools, chills, coma, convulsion, fever, headache and jaundice. You will also experience muscle pain, nausea, sweating, vomiting and diarrhea if you have the disease.


There is about over 219 million cases of malaria every year. Over half a million people die every year and it is estimated that a child dies every 60 seconds because of malaria. The worst part is that 3.4 billion people, half of the world's population is at risk.

Disease Prevention

Although there is no vaccines of the disease yet, there are way to the prevent the disease like before going to a malaria common region, ask your doctor about medicines that might help to prevent the disease, You may also reduce the exposure to mosquitoes by sleeping under nets, covering your skin, spraying your cloth with DEET and spraying your home with insecticide. Whats interesting is that 50% transmittion, 20% children deaths, and 90% mosquito population is cut because of bed netting.


The disease mostly occur in sub-Saharan Africa. The disease also occurs in 109 different countries . 45 of those countries countries are African countries.

Treatment and Cure

There is no cure yet but there are certain drugs that you can take to help you determine on which type of Malaria parasite yo have, the severity of the symptoms, age, and if are pregnant. some common drug's names are: Chloroque (Aralen, Quinine Salfate (Qualaquin), Hydroxychlorquine (Plaqenil), Mefloquine, and Combination of Atocaquone and proguanil (Malarone).

Similar Diseases

One of the similar disease is Babesiosis.

History of Malaria

The first recorded malarial symptoms was first written in and ancient Chinese medical reading. They called the disease Nei Ching in 2700 B.C. Later, the disease was widely spread in Greece in the 4th century and scientists back then describe the disease in relating with insect bites. Then, in the early 17th century, a Spanish Jesuit missionaries found out from Indians that Peruvian bark can help treat the disease. The bark is now one of the most powerful medicine out there to treat the disease. Soon after the, Charles Louis, a French army surgeon was the first to discover the the parasite in the blood. Tn 1890 and 1897, they found out that there was at least 2 kinds of mosquito parasite. A few years later, they soon found out that the disease was transmitted by mosquitos.

Major Outbreaks

  1. Afghanistan, in the beginning of the Civil War.
  2. Northern Iraq and Southern Turkey, 1993 and 1995
  3. Tajikistan 1993 and 1994
  4. Azerbaijan 1993 to 1994
  5. North-western India, majorly in Rajasthan, 1995 to 1996
  6. Southern and Eastern Africa (Zimucavwe, Botswana, Mozambique, Swaziland and South Africa.


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