Women and the War

By: Bethany Finnegan

What did women do during the war?

Many Northern and Southern women took on new responsibilities during the war. They became teachers, office workers salesclerks, and government workers. They worked in factories and managed farms. Women performed many jobs that helped the soldiers and the armies. They rolled bandages, wove blankets, and made ammunition. Many women collected food, clothing, and medicine to distribute to the troops.


Some women were spies. While Harriet Tubman spied for the North, Rose O'Neal Greenhow entertained Union leaders in Washington, D.C., picking up information about Union plans that passed to the South. Greenhow was caught, and convicted of treason, and exiled.