North American Natives

These natives were an important part in our history.

The Anasazi

The Anasazi were natives who built ditches, dams, and canals to trap the rain from tops of mesa. These ancestors of the Pueblo had houses made of adobe and stone, and lived along walls of cliffs or large plazas. In Chaco Canyon was Pueblo Bonito, where there was more than 1000 people in a massive complex. The natives built roads for trading networks. The craftsmen made pottery, woven baskets, and turquoise jewelery. Their culture was heavily based on art and architecture. People think they left perhaps many droughts.

The Adena

The Adena, known as the Eastern Woodlands people, lived in the Ohio valley region in 700 BC. These natives grew sunflowers, gourds, squash, and barley. Adena peoples made elaborate burial mounds made of log like structures covered by piles of Earth.

The Hopewell Natives

These natives came to Ohio valleyaround 300 BC. Also known as the Eastern Woodlands peoples, they built mounds with heights being 40 feet high and 100 feet wide. Artifacts left by the Hopewell people suggest extensive trade network. Both the Hopewell and the Adena were reffered to as the mound builders.

The Mississippians

These natives arrived in Mississippi Valley around 800 AD. They had plants that many people used for food when beans and maize had an increase on population. Since there was so much of the maize and beans, it caused the need for more land. This land resulted in lots of cities such as Cahokia, with 10,000 people. In the middle of this city, was a massive mound around 100 feet high and a base measured more than 14 acres. There were 120 smaller mounds surrounding this massive mound.